Short term causes of the cold war

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  • Short term causes of the cold war
    • Bretton Woods Conference USA 1944
      • Created the International Monetary Fund. Organisation aiming to promote international monetary cooperation and international free trade.
      • Establishment of the World Bank. Support global economic growth, international free trade and loans to countries in need
      • USSR attends and agree to join for a $6 billion loans
        • But they had to open up Eastern Europe to US goods
          • USSR refuse
    • Ideological differences
      • Communism-  theory or system of social organization in which all property is owned by the community and each person contributes and receives according to their ability and needs.
      • Capitalism- n economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
    • Teheran 1943
      • Delay of opening up the second front
      • Churchill and Stalin carved up eastern Europe.
        • The USA opposed this agreement
    • Yalta 1945
      • The division of Germany and the trial of Nazi war criminals
        • The USSR didn't want Germany to re-emerge as a military threat
      • Pledged to have free elections in Poland
        • Churchill wanted to have the exile government in London to be in power
        • Stalin wanted influence over Poland as it has been invaded 3 times via Poland in the 20th century
    • Potsdam 1945
      • USA was unhappy with the spread of the red army across Eastern Europe and the influence Stalin had over their governments
      • Stalin felt insulted when Truman didn't tell him about the A bomb
    • Other Tensions
      • The discovery of the mass grave in Katyn forest containing 10,000 officers
        • USSR denied involvement
      • The Soviets were accused of allowing the crushing of the poles by the Nazis during the Warsaw Uprising 1944


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