Section 2:Religion and the Environment

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  • Created by: Nicole
  • Created on: 09-05-13 20:37
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  • Section 2: Religion and the Environment
    • Global Warming
      • Scientists think it can be solved by:
        • Turning off electrical appliances when finished e.g. microwave
        • Government & Organisations setting laws for factories to reduce energy.
        • Scientists researching causes and consequences of climate change so we can understand and prevent it
    • Pollution
      • People could create less waste by recycling as much as possible. Reduse, Reuse, Recycle
      • People could use renewable sources such as solar power & wind power etc.
      • They could research ways of manufacturing that causes  less waste.
    • Natural Resources
      • Renewable resources: wind power, solar power and water power, which can be replaced after using them. It is better than Non-renewable resources but  costs too much
      • Non-renewable resources: oil, gas, coal, iron and tin which are gone forever once used. Cheaper than renewable resources
    • Christian Teachings on Stewardship and the environment
      • They believe that God gave humans the right to rule over the earth.
      • Many Christians think Jesus that Christians have a responsibility to leave the earth better than they found it.
      • Being responsible means that Christians should try to reduce pollution and preserve resources
    • Judaism teachings on stewardship and the environment
      • Believe God showed them how to look after the Earth in the mitzvot and the Torah
      • Believe God made humans stewards of the Earth and gave them control over animals and plants
      • Believe  that the Torah orders Jews that every year they must not plant crops to give nature the chance to regenerate.
    • Medical Treatment for Infertility
      • fertility is important because a lot of people in developed societies have fertility problems
      • In 2007 12% of all births were as a result of fertility treatments
      • Psychological problems are caused if couples are desperate to have children but cannot.
    • Christian attitudes to Infertility Treatments
      • Some disagree...
        • Believe that life is given by God and no one has a right to children
        • They involve either immoral sex or masturbation, which is a sin
        • They might involve sperm and egg donation, which is adultery
      • Some agree...
        • In these treatments, the baby will be the biological offspring of its mother and father
        • The discarded embryos are not foetuses and so life is not being taken
    • Judaism and Infertility Treatment
      • Some agree...
        • Having children is very important in Judaism
        • The unused embryos are not foetuses, so life is not being taken
        • Believe that Jewish upbringing of any child makes that child Jewish
      • Some disagree...
        • Believe artificial insemination by donor involves adultery
        • Believe surrogacy might mean a non-Jewish mother carrying the baby to full term. This is not allowed because then the child wont be Jewish, Jewishness is passed on by mother.
        • Many Orthodox Jews accept egg donation as long as it is donated by a Jewish woman
    • Transplant Surgery
      • It cures life-threatening diseases and improves peoples lives.
      • More people need transplants every year so transplants are essential.
      • It is pioneering surgical methods which lead to the development of spare parts.
    • Christian Attitudes to Transplant Surgery
      • Some agree...
        • It is a way of people showing gratitude for Gods gift of life.
        • It raises no problem for life after death as the body is not needed in afterlife.
        • It is a loving charitable act which fulfills Jesus' teaching of the Golden Rule.
      • Some disagree...
        • Believe it ignores the sanctity of life because people should not play God.
        • Believe it  interferes with God's plan for every human being.
        • It takes resources from less expensive cures which could help far more than a single transplant.
    • Judaism and Transplant Surgery
      • Some agree...
        • Organs from non-Jews would affect a persons Jewishness
        • Giving organs from the dead to the living is playing God which is a great sin.
        • Paying for organs is exploiting the poor which is banned by the Tenakh.
      • Some disagree...
        • Transplanting organs is breaking the laws on the sanctity of life.
        • Organs have been created by God for a specific person and cannot be swapped around.
        • Having non-Jewish organs could change a Jew into a non-Jew.

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