Religion, War & Peace

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Peace, Justice & Sanctity of Life

Peace: An absence of conflict which leads to happiness and harmony

Justice: Bringing about what is right, according to the law

Sanctity of life: Life is precious and shouldnt be destroyed

In relation to War & Peace:

  • If there is war, there will never be peace
  • Without justice, there cannot be peace
  • During war, many lives are lost, opposing the theory of life shouldnt be destroyed
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Causes of War // Conflict & examples

Causes of War:

  • Desire for resources and land
  • Power and politics
  • Religion and cultural differences
  • Necessity- poverty and injustice

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Conflict: When countries disagree and cannot settle their differences, they often turn to war and violence

Sudan: 

  • Genocide- deliberate extermination of a race, culture or religion
  • Oil (Resources) are the main reason for conflict
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Just and Holy War

Just War Causes (Followed by Christians, Reasons to go to war):

  • Invasion, Assasination of a prominent figure
  • Attack on national honour, Attack on state religion
  • Economic attack, Attack on neighbour or ally
  • Pre-emptive (Hitting before they do) strike, Human rights violation
  • Assisting an invaded friendly nation

Holy War (followed by Muslims):

  • Religion must be the driving force
  • Fighting to defend a religious cause or God
  • Controlled by a religious leader
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Religious Believers & Pacifism

Pacifists believe that:

  • Violence against other people (or animals) is wrong in any situation.
  • Everyone deserved the chance to live
  • War damage life and the environment
  • Negotiation is often the end to many conflicts
  • War causes more suffering in proportion to the evil being fought

Someone may become pacifist for:

  • Religion
  • Belief that war is wasteful and ineffictive
  • Belief in the sanctity of life
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Victims of War // Peace worker

Refugees: People who flee their homes seeking safety elsewhere

The Red Cross: A voluntary relief organisation that help protect medical staff on the battlefield. They support refugees through emergency funds, helpful advice and orientation support.

Help for Heroes: Their mission is to support the wounded and their families from war. There are many recovery centres where the wounded can recover, build up strength or plan for the future

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Martin Luther King Jr: 

  • Protested & campaigned peacefully for black peoples' rights
  • Bus boycott & 'I have a dream' speech
  • Awarded Nobel Peace Prize
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Peacekeeping Forces

NATO:

  • North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
  • 28 members countries
  • Aim is to safeguard the freedom and security of its members through political and military means
  • Has helped in Kosovo War & Afganistan

UN:

  • United Nations
  • Aims to prevent war by discussing problems between countries instead of fighting
  • 192 member states
  • Has helped in Syria and South Sudan
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Terrorism & Weapons of Mass Destruction

Terrorism:

  • The use of violence or threats to intimidate people into doing (or not doing) something

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Weapons Of Mass Destruction:

  • Weapons that cause death and destruction on a large scale
  • Biological Weapons- spread a harmful disease or bacteria
  • Chemical Weapons- contain toxins that cause illness or death
  • Radioactive material- kills white blood cells
  • Nuclear Weapons- Thousand killed from explosion and radioactivity even today
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Nuclear Weapons

For:

  • Deterrent against war
  • Difficult to get rid of
  • Country would be vulnerable without weapons
  • Jobs working in nuclear sections would be lost
  • Exodus 'an eye for an eye'

Against:

  • Destruction over many years
  • Spend lost on weapons- could be spent elsewhere
  • Just/ Holy war doesnt agree
  • Terrorists could find and use them for the wrong reasons
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Religious Teachings

Jesus at the temple- Matthew 21:

In extreme circumstances, it s ok to use violence (go to war)

Beatitudes- Matthew 5:

Christians should be merciful and forgive when possible. It is not merciful to go to war

Jesus arrested- Matthew 26:

They should not go to war because if they 'use the sword', they will 'die by the sword' (in war)

Submission to Governing authorities- Romans 13:

God chose the authorities, if you rebel against them, you are rebelling against God. People should only fight if a leader tell them because God gave the leaders authority

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