Charles - Personal Rule 1629 - 1640

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  • Section 2 : The Personal Rule
    • The Court
      • Charles head of court - centre of politics
        • Shaped by his personality and becomes isolated
      • Culture
        • Art seen as Catholic - propaganda by Van Dyke portrayed Charles
      • Book of orders
        • Issued by Privy Council - gives orders to Gentry on how to cope with future failures
          • Absolutist
        • Sharpe - "Charles is trying to initiate creative reform in this period"
    • Foreign Policy and Fiscal Feudalism
      • FP
        • Charles at war with Spain and France
          • Signs treaty of Sousa 1629 -FRANCE
            • Treaty of Madrid 1630
      • Fiscal Feudalism
        • 4. Ship MOney
          • Prerogative tax -1634
          • Not just spend on ships
          • Kevin Sharpe- "Greatest Success Story
            • 90% colllection rate
            • Hutchinson -"Hateful Tax".
          • Implementation
            • Imposed coastal in 1634 and National in 1635
            • Raises £200,000 per annum from 1634-39
    • Laudanism
      • Form of Arminianism - closest to Catholicism
      • Central belief of Puritans and more ceremonial
      • Imposition
        • Breaking of Jacobethan Balance
        • Enforced through High court of Comissions, Visitations and Presentment
        • Lake argues Charles and Laud behind it "practiced double act
          • Sharpe and Davies Charles "the real initiator"
    • Wentworth in Ireland
      • Lord Deputy - allows C to extend policies such as Fiscal Feudalism
      • Ireland used as a testing ground
        • Fear for England
    • Scottish Rebellion
      • "Watershed" - Smith - visual opposition from now on
      • Hundreds of years of war between two provide natural hatred
      • 1625 - Revocations
        • C has right to take land from the Scottish
          • Seen as negative allows C to remodel church
      • Presbytarianism
        • Scottish form of Protestantism
          • View C as Catholic
            • Fear of Catholic revolution
      • Coronation
        • 1633 - Charles formal coronation as King of Scotland
      • 23rd July 1637 -Sunday
        • Prayerbook used for first time
          • Scots opposed in Edinburgh
            • C no compromise and declares war on Scotland vs National Covenant in 1638
      • Hampden's Case - November 1637-June 1638
        • C prosecutes John Hampden over the non payment of Ship Money
        • 20% collection rate 1639-40 from 90% in 34/35
          • result of SR
        • Charles wins 7-5
    • Underlying doscontent
      • Kent Gentry - 1637 show discontent
      • Edward Hyde
        • Royalist
          • 1640 - Political nation united against Charles and the abuses of the personal rule
      • Examples of Puritan opposition
        • Prynne,Burton and Bastwick
          • Opposed Laudian reforms published pamphlets attacking them
            • Brought before the Star Chamber - 1637 - guilty
              • Sympathy from Calvanist majority
        • St Gregory's Case 1633
          • Parish in London - Parishioners brought to court over the moving of the altar.
        • Emigration
          • 1630s Puritans emigrate to Dutch republic and USA as a reaction to imposition of Laudianism - protestant state - makes them feel at home.
          • 15,000 go to America to see new world

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