'Samba Em Preludio' GCSE Music Set Work

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  • Samba Em Preludio - Esperanza Spalding
    • Melody
      • Syllabic
      • Ascending Broken Chords in the Vocals
        • Bar 4&5
      • Vast majority is conjunct
        • One octave jump in bar 95 but apart from that the biggest interval is a 3rd.
      • Vocals uses sequences
      • Imitation between voice and guitar
        • Bar 23-25
    • Rhythm
      • Uses Bossa Nova rhythms
        • Bar 19 in acoustic bass guitar part
      • Free tempo at the beginning and in bar 113.
      • Uses syncopation
        • In acoustic bass guitar part
      • Lots of triplets, and some quintuplets and sextuplets in the acoustic guitar solo.
      • 4/4 - rubato feel
    • Dynamics
      • No dynamics marked on score
        • However, the dynamics would change as the texture builds and dissipates
    • Harmony
      • Extended chord - when notes are added to the original chord
        • Bar 23 in acoustic guitar part
      • Ends with a perfect cadence
        • Bar 113-114 in acoustic bass guitar part
      • Broken chord pattern in acoustic bass guitar
        • Bar 2-3
      • Rising arpeggio rhythms in acoustic bass guitar
      • Broken chord patterns in acoustic bass guitar
        • Bars 88-98
    • Tonality
      • B minor
      • Extended chords can produce dissonance which is a jazz feature
    • Genre
      • It is in Portugese - the language of Brazil, where the style of song is from.
      • Bossa Nova
        • Mixed elements of Brazilian Samba and Jazz
    • Texture
      • The opening consists of only a bass guitar - monophonic
      • When the vocals are added, the texture becomes contrapuntal as there is a counterpoint texture between the bass guitar and the voice.
        • Bar 4
      • It is polyphonic bar 25 onwards as the second guitar joins in.
      • The guitar solo is monophonic.
        • Bar 54-86
    • Structure
      • Intro- verse 1 - break - verse 2 - guitar solo - verse 3 - coda
        • Typical Jazz structure
      • Opens with guitar solo that sounds improvised and ens with guitar flourish as vocals die away
    • Instruments
      • Vocals - Alto
      • Acoustiv Bass Guitar
      • Acoustic Guitar/ Flamenco guitar
      • Both guitar and bass have a solo which is common in jazz.
      • Instrumentation stripped back to basics - like early Bossa Nova pieces

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