Salò Republic

  • Created by: JPaynter
  • Created on: 26-09-18 13:34
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  • The Salò Republic
    • Mussolini and His Great Escape
      • Hitler now put Mussolini in charge of what became known as the Italian Social Republic, or Salo republic.
      • After his removal Mussolini was placed under arrest. However, in one of the most daring actions of the war he was freed from being held as a prisoner in a daring raid by German Paratroopers.
      • Neither the Salo republic in the North or the Italian government that now existed in the South had any real power and the country was chaotic as the advancing allies fought for control against the Germans
    • About The Salò Republic
      • Hitler did not want Mussolini to establish too much power so that it would run counter to German interests in Italy. Rome became the official capital of the Salo republic even though they had no direct control over it as the Germans did.
      • Salo was a small lakeside resort on the shore of Lake Garda; there was no real central authority and many government agencies were based in Milan. 
      • The republic itself lasted only 600 days - Mussolini was both Head of State and Foreign Minister.
      • They fought alongside German forces and had an army, navy (around 50,000) and police force as well as its own militia known as the ‘Black Brigades’. 
      • Loyal Fascists headed up government departments and the party was reorganised from the PNF to Republican Fascist Party. The membership for the new version of the party was 487,000 members compared with 2.6 million members when Fascism was at its height.
      • Fascists that had been involved in the removal of Mussolini as Prime minister were executed, this included Ciano
    • The power of Mussolini and the Saloò Republic
      • Many Italians had completely lost faith in Mussolini and the Fascists
      • The republic was heavily dependent upon German support
      • Mussolini was closely controlled by the Germans and was treated as a puppet leader
      • Mussolini had lost his charisma and was suffering from ill health.
      • By 1944 the partisans posed an increasing and serious threat to German forces and the Salo Republic.
  • About The Salò Republic
    • Hitler did not want Mussolini to establish too much power so that it would run counter to German interests in Italy. Rome became the official capital of the Salo republic even though they had no direct control over it as the Germans did.
    • Salo was a small lakeside resort on the shore of Lake Garda; there was no real central authority and many government agencies were based in Milan. 
    • The republic itself lasted only 600 days - Mussolini was both Head of State and Foreign Minister.
    • They fought alongside German forces and had an army, navy (around 50,000) and police force as well as its own militia known as the ‘Black Brigades’. 
    • Loyal Fascists headed up government departments and the party was reorganised from the PNF to Republican Fascist Party. The membership for the new version of the party was 487,000 members compared with 2.6 million members when Fascism was at its height.
    • Fascists that had been involved in the removal of Mussolini as Prime minister were executed, this included Ciano

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