Rugby Positions

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  • Rugby Positions
    • 15 players plus 7/8 subs per team - 8 forwards and 7 backs.
    • Forwards
      • Gain and retain possession of the ball.
      • Bigger, stronger, take part in the scrum and line-out.
      • Front Row
        • Consists of three players: two props (the loosehead prop and the tighthead prop) and the hooker.
        • two props support the hooker during scrums, provide support for the jumpers during line-outs and provide strength and power in rucks and mauls.
        • The hooker is a key position in attacking and defensive play. Responsible for winning the ball in the scrum. Hookers normally throw the ball in at line-outs
      • Second Row
        • Consists of two locks or lock forwards.
        • Usually the tallest players in the team. Specialise as line-out jumpers.
        • Main role in line-outs is to make a standing jump, supported by the other forwards, to either collect the thrown ball or ensure the ball comes down on their side.
        • Important role in the scrum. Binding directly behind the three front row players and providing forward drive.
      • Back Row
        • The third and final row of the forward positions.
        • Consists of two flankers (blindside flanker and openside flanker) and the number 8.
        • The two flanker positions are the final row in the scrum. They are usually the most mobile forwards in the game.
        • The flankers main role is to win possession through 'turn overs'.
        • The number 8 packs down between the two locks at the back of the scrum.
        • 8's role in the scrum is to control the ball after it has been heeled back from the front of the pack.
        • 8's position provides a link between the forwards and backs during attacking phases.
    • Backs
      • Create and convert point-scoring opportunities.
      • They are generally smaller, faster and more agile than the forwards.
      • Expected to have superior kicking skills, especially the fly-half and full-back.
      • Half-backs
        • Half-backs consist of two positions, the scrum-half and the fly-half.
        • The fly-half are usually the first to receive the ball from the scrum-half following a breakdown, lineout, or scrum.
        • The fly-half need to be decisive with what actions to take and be effective at communicating with the outside backs.
        • The scrum-half is the link between the forwards and the backs.
          • They receive the ball from the lineout and remove the ball from the back of the scrum, usually passing it to the fly-half.
        • The scrum-half also feed the scrum and sometimes have to act as a fourth loose forward.
      • Three Quarters
        • There are four three quarter positions, the inside centre, outside centre and left and right wings.
        • There are four three quarter positions, the inside centre, outside centre and left and right wings.
        • Centres will attempt to tackle attacking players; whilst in attack they should employ speed and strength to breach opposition defences.
        • Wings are generally positioned on the outside of the backline.
          • Their primary function is to finish off moves and score tries.
        • Wings are usually the fastest players in the team and are elusive runners who use their speed to avoid tackles.
      • Fullbacks
        • The fullback normally positions himself several metres behind the back line.
        • Fields any opposition kicks and is often the last line of defence should an opponent break through the back line.
        • Need dependable catching skills and a good kicking game.

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