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  • Roosevelt
    • President of America ,March 4th 1933 - April 12th 1945
    • 1921 an attack of polio had left Roosevelt permanently crippled
    • "the only thing we have to fear is fear itself - nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror".
    • New Deal
      • Fireside chats,March 1933,60 million Americans listened on radios.
      • Stabilised the banking systemhe Emergency Banking Relief Bill brought all banks under federal control. All banks considered solvent were allowed to reopen under licence.
      • Alphabet Agencies
        • The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) - responsible for flood control, building dams and constructing new towns.
        • The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) - aimed at reducing farm production and boosting farm prices.
        • The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) - offered short-term work to young men on conservation projects.
        • The Public Works Administration (PWA) - constructed schools, hospitals and other public buildings.
      • 2nd New Deal (Social security)
        • The Works Progress Administration - this agency employed people to build schools, hospitals and other public buildings.
        • The Rural Electrification Administration - this agency aimed to bring electricity to America's farms.
        • The National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) - this act aimed to improve relations between workers and employers, especially as 1934 had seen a series of violent industrial disputes.
      • Opposition
        • Huey Long - the Governor of Louisiana, known as The Kingfish, launched the Share our Wealth campaign in which personal fortunes of more than $3 million would be redistributed to ordinary citizens.
        • Father Charles Coughlin - a Canadian priest - broadcast popular sermons on the CBS network, promising to nationalise the banks.
        • Dr Francis Townsend planned to boost the economy by raising pensions for the over 60s - in return, they would spend $200 a month to increase demand for consumer goods.
        • The wealthy businessmen behind the American Liberty League argued that by increasing taxation and encouraging the development of the trade union movement, Roosevelt had betrayed his own class


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