resistance to social inflence

  • Created by: IvyVega
  • Created on: 23-02-18 16:57
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  • resistance to social influence
    • explanation 1: social support
      • Conformity is reduced by a dissenting peer
        • pressure to conform is reduced if other people are not conforming
        • Asch's research showed that the dissenter doesn't have to give the right answer
        • simply someone else not following the majority frees others to follow their on conscience
      • the effect is not long lasting
        • Asch's research also showed that if this non conforming peer starts conforming again
          • So does the naïve participant
      • Obedience is reduced by one other dissenting partner
        • pressure to obey can be reduced if another person is seen to disobey
          • Milgram's research
            • independent behaviour increased in the disobedient peer condition
        • the participant may not follow the disobedient peer but the dissenter's disobedience frees the participant to act from their own conscience
    • Explanation 2: locus of control
      • Internals place control with themselves. externals place control outside themselves
        • Julian Rotter described internal versus external LOC
        • Internals believe things that happen to them are largely controlled by themselves
        • Externals believe things happen outside their control
      • There is a continuum
        • people differ in how they explain successes and failures but it isn't simply about being internal or external.
        • There is a continuum
          • High internal at one end and high external at the other
            • low internal and low external lie in between
      • internals show greater resistance to social influence
        • people with internal LOC are more likely to resist pressures to conform or obey
        • if someone takes personal responsibility for their actions and experiences they are more likely to base their decisions on their own beliefs
        • people with high internal LOC are more self-confident, more achievement-oriented, have higher intelligence and less need for social approval.
          • these personality traits lead to greater resistance


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