Religious Attitudes to the Elderly and Death

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  • Created by: Harry
  • Created on: 03-12-12 18:38
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  • Religious Attitudes to the Elderly and Death
    • 1961 Assisted Suicide Act
      • Illegal to encourage or to assist a suicide attempt.
        • Could face 14 year prison sentence
      • Could face 14 year prison sentence
    • Euthanasia Debate
      • 1961 Assisted Suicide Act
        • Illegal to encourage or to assist a suicide attempt.
        • 'Good Death'
        • Arguments Against:
          • Technically murder
          • Breaks The Ten Commandments
          • Defiles sanctity of life
          • Devalues life
        • Arguments For Legalisation:
          • Out of date
          • Strong Case admitted
          • People have to travel to Dignitas in Switzerland-too far from home
          • Death with dignity
          • Other countries permit euthanasia
          • Everyone deserves the right to a good quality of life and choose whether he or she dies
        • Euthanasia is:
          • Voluntary- person ask a doctor to take their life
          • Non-Voluntary- Patient is too ill to ask but believed to be in best interests
          • Involuntary- Disabled and sick killed without consultation
          • Active- Deliberate intention of ending life
          • Passive- Dose of a pain killing drug, is increased in the belief that it only controls pain but also shortens life
        • CASE STUDIES
          • Diana Pretty
            • Suffered from Motor Neurone Disease
            • Degrading and humiliating- wanted to do things for herself. "I am dead"
            • Rejected by the EU court of human rights
          • Tony Nicklinson
            • Suffered from 'Locked in Syndrome'
            • He wished to die with dignity by a sedation given by his wife with his daughters by his side
              • Doctor give him the fatal dose
      • Death
        • The end of life, which can be determined in several ways but normally when the brain ceases function
        • Life support machine?
          • CASE STUDY- Tony Bland
            • Victim of the Hillsborough Stadium Disaster of 1989
            • Crushed ribs and two punctured lungs
              • Left in state of PVS
            • November 1992, family and the NHS Trust who treated Tony, overcame moral objections and legal difficulties from the court to stop feeding
              • February 1993, his life support machine was switched off. He died on 3rd March 1993- the 96th victim
          • A machine that keeps people alive when they would otherwise die.
        • Heaven-A place regarded in various religions as the abode of God
        • Hell-A place regarded in various religions as a spiritual realm of evil and suffering.
        • Purgatory- State of spiritual cleansing before heaven
      • Life support machine?
        • CASE STUDY- Tony Bland
          • Victim of the Hillsborough Stadium Disaster of 1989
          • Crushed ribs and two punctured lungs
            • Left in state of PVS
          • November 1992, family and the NHS Trust who treated Tony, overcame moral objections and legal difficulties from the court to stop feeding
            • February 1993, his life support machine was switched off. He died on 3rd March 1993- the 96th victim
        • A machine that keeps people alive when they would otherwise die.
      • Teachings
        • Sanctity of Life
          • However, a loving God would't want to see us suffer
        • Quality of Life
        • Value of Life
        • Death
          • The end of life, which can be determined in several ways but normally when the brain ceases function
          • Heaven-A place regarded in various religions as the abode of God
          • Hell-A place regarded in various religions as a spiritual realm of evil and suffering.
          • Purgatory- State of spiritual cleansing before heaven
        • Respect father and mother
        • Love thy neighbour...
      • Elderly
        • Living with Family
          • Advantages
            • Immediate Care, Around loved ones, Treated as important family member
          • Disadvantages
            • Burden on family, lack of independence
        • Living Independently
          • Advantages
            • Choice of Lifestyle, Care for themselves, Don't have to rely on anyone
          • Disadvantages
            • Depression, Loneliness, Poverty, Poor, Vulnerable, No immediate care
        • Community Options
          • Advantages
            • Constant care from qualified nurses, Keeps them active with something to do
          • Disadvantages
            • Lack of independence, lack of choice of lifestyle, financial cost on family
        • Muslims consider it an opportunity for great spiritual growth to look after their parents saying it is their duty. Otherwise, they are unkind and disrespectful
          • Teachings
            • Sanctity of Life
              • However, a loving God would't want to see us suffer
            • Quality of Life
            • Value of Life
            • Respect father and mother
            • Love thy neighbour...
        • Ageism- Prejudice against the elderly- lack of hygiene etc
        • Only can rely on state benefits and pension
      • Hospice- A special place to which people go to die
        • Palliiative Care- specialised care for the dying
        • Founded by Dame Cicely Saunders

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