Reasons for poverty in Elizabethan England

  • Created by: 13mlilli
  • Created on: 06-04-18 17:17
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  • Reasons for poverty in Elizabethan England
    • Changes in agriculture
      • Bad harvest: 1954-58 = food shortages
      • Enclosure = keeping sheep on land + not crops = fewer workers needed
      • Unemployed farm workers migrated to urban areas - not enough jobs
    • Actions of previous monarchs
      • Henry VII limited right of nobles to have private armies = unemployed soldiers
      • Henry VIII - Reformation = monks, nuns + others unemployed
      • Monasteries closing = no one to care for poor + sick
      • Henry VIII + Edward VI - collapse of cloth trade
    • Flu outbreak
      • 1556
      • Killed 200,000 people
    • Population increase
      • From 2.8 million - 4 million due to high BR + low DR
      • Landlords given power due to limited housing = unfairly increased rents (rack renting)
      • Lack of food = price inflation

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