Webern : Quartet op.22 Mindmap

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  • Quartet op.22
    • General Background
      • Webern was banned by the Nazi's as it was degenerate
      • Attended the second Viennese school
        • atonality
        • dissonance
        • use of seriliasm
        • angular melodies with wide leaps
    • Harmony and Tonality
      • Both atonal and serial
      • Note order same but 48 versions of row
      • Notes usually individual = no harmony
      • First chord = major 2nd interval
      • One clash eg/C# with D + Eb
    • Performing Forces
      • Webern wanted widest range of timbre
      • Violin - Clarinet - Sax - Piano
      • Violin uses mute at beginning
      • Fast alternation between pizz and arco
      • Players exploit a large pitch range
      • Many directions (slurs etc.)
      • Wide dynamic range
    • Rhythm and Metre
      • Mainly triple time (quite hard to hear)
      • Time signatures change frequently
      • Frequent rests (fragmented)
      • Three recurring rhythmic groupings
        • 1) semiquaver-quaver-semiquaver
        • 2) 3 Semiquavers
        • 3) 2 semiquavers
      • Pause before recap
    • Structure
      • Could be seen as Ternary or sonata
      • Intro: Mirror canons start in sax
      • Exposition: Main Serial  theme
      • Development: PALINDROM
      • Recap: Starts same note BUT KLANGFARBENMELODIE
    • Melody
      • Based on a tone row. 5 semi tones
      • Wide angular intervals
      • Tritone (10th + 11th note of series)
      • Fragmented
      • Pointilism
    • Texture
      • Extremely thin, rests prevent more than 3 parts
      • Often almost monophonic
      • Fundamentaly polyphonic
      • Uses mirror canons

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