Qualitative Analysis

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  • Qualitative Analysis
    • Positive Ions
      • Flame Test
        • Li+
          • Crimson
        • Na+
          • Yellow
        • K+
          • Lilac
        • Ca2+
          • Brick Red
        • Ba2+
          • Green
        • Cu2+
          • Apple Green
        • Dip metal loop in HCL, then distilled water, then substance in flame
      • Sodium Hydroxide
        • Cu2+
          • Blue ppt
        • Fe2+
          • Green ppt
        • Fe3+
          • Brown ppt
        • Al3+
          • White ppt, in excess NaOH
        • Mg2+
          • White ppt
        • Add NaOH, then again if no ppt
    • Negative Ions
      • Carbonate Ions
        • Carbon Dioxide will be released
          • Bubble through Limewater
            • Goes Cloudy
        • Dilute acids + metal carbonates
          • -> salt + CO2 + H2O
      • Halide Ions
        • Add dilute Nitric Acid HNO3 + Silver Nitrate AgNO3
        • Chloride
          • White ppt
        • Bromide
          • Cream ppt
        • Iodide
          • Yellow ppt
      • Sulphate Ions
        • Add HCL + BaCl2
        • SO42-
          • White ppt

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