- Public Health 1900s
- In 1906 local councils were told to provide free school meals to poor children.
- In 1907 school medical examinations were ordered for all children (among these examinations were those of the 'nitty nurse'.
- In 1908 old-age pensions were introduced.
- In 1911 National Insurance (free medical treatment for workers who fell ill) was introduced.
- In 1842 - Edwin Chadwick argued that disease was the main reason for poverty, and that preventing disease would reduce the poor rates.