Psychological therapies - CBT

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  • Created by: z_mills1
  • Created on: 19-05-14 11:25
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  • Psychological therapies - CBT
    • based on the idea that many problems are a result of irrational thinking
    • cognitive element
      • the therapist encourages the client to become aware of beliefs that contribute to anxiety/depression
    • behavioural element
      • the client and therapist decide together how the client's beliefs can reality-tested through experimentation
      • the aim is that clients will come to recognise the consequences of their faulty cognitions
      • client and therapist then set new goals for the client in order that more realistic and rational beliefs are incorporated into ways of thinking
    • REBT
      • helps people change dysfunctional emotions and behaviours
      • does this by making them aware of their self-defeating beliefs and replacing them with more constructive ones
    • Evaluation
      • Strengths
        • a particular strength of REBT is that it's usefulness is not limited to people suffering from mental disorders but is also useful for people suffering from something like examination anxiety
        • REBT can be effective even without an actual therapist - computer-counselling
        • meta-analysis by Engels et al. - REBT was shown to be effective in the treatment of a number of different types of disorder
      • Limitations
        • REBT fails to address irrational environments that exist beyond the therapeutic situation - continue to produce and reinforce irrational thoughts
        • REBT does not always work and is not always what people want
        • ethics - therapist holds all the power and expertise to 'make the client better'


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