Psychological problems key concepts

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  • Key concepts Psychological problems
    • 1.) Ways of defining mental health
      • Mental health continuum
        • mental health on a scale, individuals feel more/less mentally healthy rather than being mentally healthy or not
        • No diagnostic labels or stigma
      • Jahoda
        • High self-esteem, personal growth, integration, autonomy, accurate perception of reality, mastery of environment,
        • Pessimistic, hard to achieve all
    • 2.) Prevalence of mental health problems
      • Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey (APMS) measures number of adults in England with mental health problems. looks at factors like age & sex
      • 1 in 4 adults diagnosed,   1 in 10 (5-16years) diagnosed
      • Women more likely to have mental health problem
      • LGBT community more at risk
        • 1 in 10 gay/bisexual men (16-19) tried committing suicide, 1 in 7 bisexual/gay men experience depression & anxiety
        • Bisexual women suffer more than lesbian
        • 1 in 5 LGBT  young people with mental health issue, trans & bi women more at risk
    • 3.) Incidence of significant mental health problems over time
      • Difficult to track
        • Not all mental health problems diagnosed
        • Symptoms to diagnose mental health problems always changing
        • Trends rely on self-report surveys, not accurate relies on people's accuracy, honesty & memory
      • Mood disorders, depression & anxiety on the rise
      • Classification of mental health problems
        • No difference in rates of diagnosis of schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders
        • International Classification of Diseases (ICD) listed many diseases listed many disorders we still recognise today
        • Anorexia now significant mental health problem
        • Homosexuality classed as mental health disorder until 1990s
      • Mental Health Act (1959) changing attitudes
        • Ensures people with psychiatric illnesses treated in similar way to physical ilnesses
        • local councils responsible for social care of people who didn't need in-patient medical treatment


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