psychodynamic assumptions

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  • assumptions
    • 1. personality
      • id
        • primitive
          • demanding
          • unconscious
        • pleasure principle
          • "i want"
      • ego
        • anal stage
          • 18 months
        • reality principle
          • tries to obtain id's desire
        • balances
          • id + superego
      • superego
        • phallic stage
          • 5 years
        • ideal self
          • strives for perfection
          • unrealistic expectations
    • 3. defence mechanisms
      • ego uses
        • protect from anxiety
          • keep peace
            • id + superego
        • unconscious
      • repression
        • burying
          • thoughts
            • not allowed
              • conscious mind
        • unconciously forgetting
        • e.g.
          • person experiences trauma
            • cannot recall
              • don't deny- can't remember
      • regression
        • cope with stress
          • person reverts
            • childlike actions
        • e.g.
          • a girl sucks thumb
            • in exam
    • 2. mind
      • conscious
        • thoughts
        • ideas
        • aware of
        • emotions
      • preconscious
        • memories
          • stored knowledge
        • can access if we try
      • unconscious
        • traumatic memories
          • violent thoughts
        • accessed in psycho analysis
          • dream analysis
          • free association
          • slips of tounge
        • inacessible
    • 4. psycho sexual stages
    • 5. Oedipus/ Electra
      • gender development
        • phallic stage
          • 5
  • conscience
    • morality principle
      • superego
        • phallic stage
          • 5 years
        • ideal self
          • strives for perfection
          • unrealistic expectations
    • "you can't have"
  • FREUD!
  • 1. oral
    • 0-1
      • pleasure= putting things in mouth
        • early/ late weaning
          • FIXATION
            • smoking
            • nail biting
            • thumb sucking
  • 2.anal
    • 1-3
      • pleasure= controlling bowels
        • toilet training
          • FIXATION
            • retentive
              • strict
            • expulsive
              • messy
  • 3. phallic
    • 3-6
      • pleasure= genitals
        • gender deleopment
          • OEDIPUS= boys
          • ELECTRA= girls
          • FIXATION
            • strict= phallic submissive
              • timid
            • indulged= phallic dominant
              • proud vain
  • 4. latency
    • energy on school
    • same sex friends
    • 7-12
  • 5. genital
    • PUBERTY
      • stages revisited
        • check fixations
          • not fixated
            • healthy relationships
          • fixated
            • relationship issues
              • homo sexuality
    • genitals focus
  • OEDIPUS
    • desires mother
      • unconsciously
        • castration fear
          • anxiety resolved
            • becoming father
              • identifying
              • learns gender behaviour
                • gains conscience
      • father rival, hates
        • castration fear
          • anxiety resolved
            • becoming father
              • identifying
              • learns gender behaviour
                • gains conscience
  • ELECTRA
    • desires father
      • mother rival, hates
        • penis envy
          • wants substitute
            • identifies with mother
              • weaker than male bonding
            • baby or power

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