Psychodynamic Perspective (1)
Assumptions: The main assumption of the psychodynamic perspective is that all behaviour can be explained in terms of the inner conflicts of the mind. For example, in the case study of Little Hans, Freud argued that Little Hans’ phobia of horses was caused by a displaced fear of his father.
Describe how the psychodynamic perspective explains the development of phobias: This study can be seen as a psychodynamic study as Freud explains Hans' phobia of horses as being caused by him unconsciously fearing castration by his father, due to him progressing through the Oedipus complex. Little Hans was no longer afraid of horses once he'd resolved the Oedipus complex and no longer feared castration from his father.
Describe how the psychodynamic perspective explains the development of multiple personality disorder: This study can be seen as a psychodynamic study as Thigpen and Cleckly explained Eve's multiple personality disorder as being an ego defence mechanism to protect Eve from some repressed traumatic incident that had occurred in her childhood. The additional personalities had devlopedd as a way for Eve to cope with these unconscious traumas.