- Psychodyamic Approach
- A psychological approach. The mind (psyche) is seen as being influenced by powerful and changing (dynamics) unconscious forces. Most closely associated with Sigmund Freud.
- One strength of the approach is that it is the first theory to focus on psychological causes. Before this, the focus had been on physical causes or things like possession by evil spirits.
- It's quite a unique approach to abnormality, suggesting that disorders may be linked to unresolved conflicts related to biological needs.
- The focus is on the patient's past, rather than on the problems that they are currently suffering.
- Freud's claims are based on his subjective interpretationsof his patients dreams, etc. Therefore, they're hard to scientifically test and so can't be proved right or wrong.
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