Prohibition


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  • Created by: Knowles99
  • Created on: 23-12-14 16:23
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  • Prohibition
    • AGAINST
      • "WETS"
      • AAPA (Association Against the Prohibition Amendment )
      • More support for alcohol in the North than in the conservative South.
      • People broke the law...
        • Distilling
          • Illegal distilleries were set up all over the USA as people made their own whisky.
            • Moonshine was alcohol brewed by people. They could keep it themselves or even sell it.
          • They were a major fire hazard. The alcohol produced was frequently poisonous and agents seized over 280,000 of them.
        • Speakeasies were set up.
          • They were illegal bars that replaced saloons and basements.
          • 30.000 set up in New York alone.
        • Bootleggers
          • Smuggled alcohol in their knee-high boots from Mexico. Sold quality alcohol for high prices.
        • Organised Crime
          • Selling alcohol became a big business. Mainly controlled by gangsters.
          • Gangsters supplied alcohol, set up speakeasies and ran 'protection brackets'.
            • protection brackets were where they threatened to damage property unless they were paid to protect it.
            • Al Capone was a famous gangster. He bribed local officers and politicians to gain control of Chicago.
              • Operated openly and didn't fear arrest. Employed up to 1,000 men in a private army.
                • St Valentines Day Massacre; Capone's gang 6 members of rival gang Bugs Moran, disguised as policemen.
    • VOLSTEAD ACT
      • January 1920
      • Drinking alcohol over 0.5 was illegal/forbidden
    • SUPPORTERS
      • ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE
        • Claimed fathers neglected families. Money spent on liquor instead of necessities at home.
      • BUSINESSMEN
        • People like Henry Ford complained about absenteeism at work.
        • Alcohol caused absenteeism and low productivity at work.
      • RELIGIOUS REASONS
        • Women's Christian Temperance Union: Believed society was breaking down due to 'Demon Drink'. Drinking seen as sinful!
        • OTHER GROUPS: Churches campaigned against alcohol. William Jennings Bryan(democrat) argued that 3x more money spent on drink over education.
      • "DRIES"
      • AMERICAN PATRIOTS
        • Brewers like Busch and Pabst were German!
        • Americans encouraged to not drink so they didn't fund Germany.
    • WICKERSHAM COMISSION (Prohibition Fails!)
      • Depression left lots of people unemployed. Drinks industry would provide more jobs.
        • 1932- Presidential Election. Roosevelt promised to repeal the law.
      • Bad effects of Prohibition investigated. Proposed repeal (abolition).
        • Tax on booze needed by Governement due to depression.
  • SUPPORTERS
    • ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE
      • Claimed fathers neglected families. Money spent on liquor instead of necessities at home.
    • BUSINESSMEN
      • People like Henry Ford complained about absenteeism at work.
      • Alcohol caused absenteeism and low productivity at work.
    • RELIGIOUS REASONS
      • Women's Christian Temperance Union: Believed society was breaking down due to 'Demon Drink'. Drinking seen as sinful!
      • OTHER GROUPS: Churches campaigned against alcohol. William Jennings Bryan(democrat) argued that 3x more money spent on drink over education.
    • "DRIES"
    • AMERICAN PATRIOTS
      • Brewers like Busch and Pabst were German!
      • Americans encouraged to not drink so they didn't fund Germany.
  • They were illegal bars that replaced saloons and basements.
  • Speakeasies were set up.
    • 30.000 set up in New York alone.

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