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  • Prohibition
    • Prohibition was a nationwide ban on the production, importation and transportation of alcohol from 1919 (Volstead Act) to 1933
    • Why was Prohibition introduced?
      • People believed that men wasted money on alcohol and neglected their wives and children
      • Many Christians linked alcohol to sin, such as gambling.
      • In 1873, the Women's Christian Temperance Union was founded and called for a ban on alcohol
    • Impacts of Prohibition
      • Gangsters became rich and powerful through bribery and violence and distribution of alcohol
        • Police Officers and Politicians took bribes to ignore the trade in alcohol
      • Bootleggers smuggled alcohol from Canada to the US
        • The number of alcohol related crimes increased during prohibition
      • Secret bars called Speakeasies were set up by Gangsters to illegally sell alcohol
        • Alcohol consumption was sometimes associated with immigrant communities by WASP's, leading to increased predjudice
    • Why did Prohibition fail?
      • There were very few prohibition officers so little alcohol was destroyed
        • It was very difficult to enforce, in 1929 40,000 people were in jail for prohibition offences and 1,360 people had been killed when officers attempted to enforce the law
        • Alcohol was too popular, people would find a way of getting hold of it


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