Presidency

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  • Presidency
    • Qualifications
      • Natural born American citizen
      • At least 35 years old
      • Living for at least 14 years in total in the USA
      • Can't have already served two terms
    • Powers
      • Veto Legislation
        • Presidential weapon
          • Used only two times by Obama
        • Threat can be used
      • Propose Legislation
        • State of Union Address suggests new changes
        • Propose at any time
      • Pardon
        • Ford pardoned his predecessor Nixon over the Watergate related matters
        • Clinton pardoned 140 people in his last day in office including fugitive Mark Rich
      • Commander in Chief
        • Particularly important between 1940s and 1980s, Roosevelt in WWII or Truman in Berlin
      • Chief Executive
        • In charge of running the executive branch of the federal government
      • Submit the annual budget
        • Congress wouldn't pass Obama's in 2013 led to shutdown
      • Sign Legislation
        • Bill signing ceremony
        • Gives the President credit
      • Nominate branch officials
        • Nominated Eric Holder for Attorney General in January 2009 and was confirmed by the Senate in February 2009
      • Nominate all federal judges
        • Obama nominated Elena Kagan in May 2010 and was confirmed by the Senate in August 2010
      • Negotiate treaties
        • The treaty of Versailles was rejected in 1920 with President Wilson
        • The Comprehensive Test Ban treaty was rejected in 1999 with President Clinton
    • Original Founding Fathers President
      • Strengths
        • They created a president who would be both head of state and head of government which gives him/her quite a lot of power
        • Singular executive: single person has the power and doesn't share it with anyone e.g. the cabinet
        • Extremely limited duties: delivery of the State of the Union Address annually and proposing legislation
      • Weaknesses
        • Indirectly elected: electoral college, not chosen by the people
        • Limited: everything he/she does is checked e.g. nominate judge checked by Congress
        • Symbolically, in the Constitution, Article 1 specifies the powers of the Congress, While Article 2 makes the President responsible for representing the nation in foreign affairs and carrying out the wishes of Congress

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