Prescribed site: Vedbaek-Denmark

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  • Prescribed site: Vedbaek-Denmark
    • Date 4000BC
      • Contains the remains of 22 individuals
        • Buried in oval pits
          • One contained woman and child.
            • Had over 200 boar and deer teeth pendants and red ochre.
              • Perforated snail shells found under woman's pelvis.
              • Offerings
                • Child on swan's wing and flint knife-purity?
                  • Perforated snail shells found under woman's pelvis.
            • Child on swan's wing and flint knife-purity?
              • Social stratification.
                • Establishing rules of behavior?
              • Woman, considered to be the mother was 18.
            • Another had a woman with clear injury to the back of the head-blunt trauma
              • Found with grebe bill thought to have held a cap in place to hide the injury.
                • Represents something about society perhaps?
                  • Idea of it being unsightly.
          • 17 adults-8 who died before reaching 20, and 4 newborns.
            • 9 men, 5 of who were over 50.
              • Seven of burials contained grave goods-1 or more flint knives in association with other goods such as red ochre, an antler axe, a bone tool and pig-tooth pendants.
                • Offerings
                  • 2 have no grave goods, 3 others only have red ochre. Not as important as men-social stratification?
                    • Also seems to be linked to age of woman or how they died-prestige?
              • One of the males had a bone point embedded between two of his vertebrae.
                • Put there deliberately?
            • 8 women, 2 younger than 20, 3, living to be older than 40.
              • 2 suspected to have died in child birth.
              • 2 have no grave goods, 3 others only have red ochre. Not as important as men-social stratification?
                • Also seems to be linked to age of woman or how they died-prestige?
            • Mortality rate of 50%
              • Catastrophic event or cultural killing and burial?
          • All remains bar one buried in supine psoition
            • Ritualistic mortuary practice?
          • Some of the remains display evidence of violent death.
            • Unknown whether of animal cause or human
              • Could either be wounds inflicted during hunting or due to clan fights as settlements become more permanent?
          • Buried in a line-all died at same time?
            • Graves 0.5m to 1m deep.
              • Participation.
          • Focus of attention
            • Transmitting memory?+maintaining social solidarity?
              • Burial and grave goods explains the unknown?
      • Contains the remains of 22 individuals
        • Buried in oval pits
          • One contained woman and child.
            • Had over 200 boar and deer teeth pendants and red ochre.
              • Offerings
              • Social stratification.
                • Establishing rules of behavior?
              • Woman, considered to be the mother was 18.
            • Another had a woman with clear injury to the back of the head-blunt trauma
              • Found with grebe bill thought to have held a cap in place to hide the injury.
                • Represents something about society perhaps?
                  • Idea of it being unsightly.
          • 17 adults-8 who died before reaching 20, and 4 newborns.
            • 9 men, 5 of who were over 50.
              • Seven of burials contained grave goods-1 or more flint knives in association with other goods such as red ochre, an antler axe, a bone tool and pig-tooth pendants.
                • Offerings
                • One of the males had a bone point embedded between two of his vertebrae.
                  • Put there deliberately?
              • 8 women, 2 younger than 20, 3, living to be older than 40.
                • 2 suspected to have died in child birth.
              • Mortality rate of 50%
                • Catastrophic event or cultural killing and burial?
            • All remains bar one buried in supine psoition
              • Ritualistic mortuary practice?
            • Some of the remains display evidence of violent death.
              • Unknown whether of animal cause or human
                • Could either be wounds inflicted during hunting or due to clan fights as settlements become more permanent?
            • Buried in a line-all died at same time?
              • Graves 0.5m to 1m deep.
                • Participation.
            • Focus of attention
              • Transmitting memory?+maintaining social solidarity?
                • Burial and grave goods explains the unknown?
          • Located in peat bog away from settlement.
            • Boundary zone?
          • One empty grave
            • Ritualistic idea that although there may be an absence of a corpse, a grave is required to 'free the soul' as it were?

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