Ideologies

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  • Political Ideologies
    • Conservatism
      • Until 70's dominant force was 'One Nation Toryism'
      • Upper class, have a duty of care to less wealthy
      • Respect for the institutions of power
      • Respect for the monarch and the C.O.E
      • Protection of Property
      • Law and Order
      • Defence of the country
      • Evolution, not, Revolution
      • 'Thatcherites' radical economical approach. Low taxation, reduce governments public spending
    • Liberalism
      • Classic Liberals believe no gov intervention, low taxation, freedom of trade between nations
      • Progressive Liberals believe if society wants to progress, the government need to take a more active role
      • Liberal Democrats formed from a merger in 1988 between the Liberal party and the Social Democratic Party
      • After Labour won in 1997, Lib Dems took a more left wing approach
      • 2010 coalition with Conservatives
      • Supports cuts in public spending
      • Faction = Social Liberals make up the majority of the party. Mainstream. Vince Cable e.g.
        • Orange Book liberals = Smaller , make up around 25-30% , Classically Liberal, David Laws e.g.
    • Socialism
      • Basic principles: Better life for citizens Equality both socially and economically State ownership is preferable Economy managed by government Progressive taxes Freedom of religion and speech
      • Founded in 1900. Original constitution was classic socialist goals
      • In order to appeal to a wider audience, policies have been moderated and appeal more socialist in 'Spirit'
      • After 1979 defeat, some more moderate members broke away to form the SDP
      • 1979-81 moved further to the left. BAD MOVE
      • Gradually abandoned socialist traditional values
      • Softening led to landslide victory in 1997
      • New Labour = Right of centre, majority, represented by Fabien society
        • Old Labour = Traditional Socialists. Small minority. Reject New Labour. Groups such as Tribune
  • Conservatism
    • Until 70's dominant force was 'One Nation Toryism'
    • Upper class, have a duty of care to less wealthy
    • Respect for the institutions of power
    • Respect for the monarch and the C.O.E
    • Protection of Property
    • Law and Order
    • Defence of the country
    • Evolution, not, Revolution
    • 'Thatcherites' radical economical approach. Low taxation, reduce governments public spending

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