Plato: The Analogy of the Cave.

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  • Plato: Analogy of the Cave.
    • Meanings:
      • Explains some theory of the forms.
      • Who is most suitable to rule in society - the philosopher who is capable of seeing forms, or whom who seeks power.
      • Examines idea that most people are happy with their ignorance.
    • Symbolism:
      • The Cave: the visible world we live in.
      • The released prisoner: Philosopher, Socrates (or Plato).
      • The Prisoners: the rest of humanity.
      • The Shadows and Echoes: what we perceive as reality, empirical knowledge.
      • Outside the Cave: True reality, unchanging and eternal.
      • The Sun: the form of the Good, illuminator.
      • The Journey out of the Cave: the struggle for true knowledge.
      • Return to the cave: Philosopher explaining ideas, those who can see forms should be leaders.
      • Death of Escaped Prisoner: reference to the death of Socrates.
    • World of Shadows
      • Opinions, guesses and beliefs
      • Changeable, contingent and imperfect.
      • Dependent on the Sun.
    • World of Forms
      • Knowledge
      • Unchanging, perfect and eternal.
      • Dependent on the Form of the Good.

Comments

arrandhillon2

simply amazing thank you helping me with AS philosophy and ethics!!

cheeseface5

really useful thank you :) 

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