Plato's analogy of the change

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  • Plato's analogy of the change
    • the cave
      • for plato the cave represents the physical world and anything outside of the cave is non-physical
      • according to plato nothing inside the cave is real.
      • you cant have true knowledge in the cave as it is constantly changing
    • the prisoners
      • the prisoners changed are scientists who cannot see past the illusion or true knowledge
      • those who break free from the chains are philosophers as they see true knowledge
    • the fire
      • in the cave the fire represents the physical sun which causes our senses to believe the illusion is real when it isnt
    • the men
      • the people carrying the objects are the sophists, politicians and false philosophers portraying the illusion that the physical world is real
      • you have to see past this to focus and see the truth and the real thing
    • the objects and the shadows
      • the objects are the visible things in the physical world portrayed by the men
      • the shadows are the images of the visible things but plato believed neither of these were real
    • the sun
      • the sun represents the form of the good. it is outside the cave and so is real
      • only the philosophers can see the sun as they have true knowledge and can escape the illusion
      • plato believed that the form of the good (the sun) was the ultimate source of everything
    • socrates
      • Socrates is the one returning to the cave to try and teach the truth and whats real
      • 'let them only catch the offer and they would be put to death' the relates to the death of socrates
    • the chains
      • the chains represent the physical body and sense forcing us to believe what we visual is real


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