Ancient Greek Influences on Philosophy

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  • Created by: Phoebe
  • Created on: 08-04-13 15:02
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  • Plato        (437-347)
    • Plato uses the analogy of the cave to show the relationship between the material world and the higher word and the ignorance of humanity.
      • The Analogy of the Cave
        • The prisoners- people in the material world
        • The shadows- false reality
        • The cave- the material world
        • The outside world- enlightenment
        • The sun- the form of good/true knowledge/god
        • The journey out of the cave- struggle of enlightenment 
        • The return to the prisoners- fear of enlightenment 
        • The chains- Government/ Culture
        • Plato        (437-347)
          • Plato uses the analogy of the cave to show the relationship between the material world and the higher word and the ignorance of humanity.
            • The Analogy of the Cave
              • The prisoners- people in the material world
              • The shadows- false reality
              • The cave- the material world
              • The outside world- enlightenment
              • The sun- the form of good/true knowledge/god
              • The journey out of the cave- struggle of enlightenment 
              • The return to the prisoners- fear of enlightenment 
              • The chains- Government/ Culture
          • State Of Flux
            • Cannot Know reality when everything is constantly changing
              • The world is transient
                • "Substance is changeable "
                • There must be a first cause, an unmoved mover
            • You cannot step into the same river twice” Heraclitus
              • Cannot Know reality when everything is constantly changing
                • The world is transient
                  • "Substance is changeable "
                  • There must be a first cause, an unmoved mover
          • The Two Worlds
            • Eternal/ Platonic World
          • Immortal Souls
            • Innate a-priori knowledge
              • Concepts of the perfect form
            • Concepts of the perfect form
          • Reality
            • Forms give physical objects what reality they have because of their resemblance
              • The shadows in the Allegory of the Cave only had any kind of existence because of their resemblance to their corresponding physical objects.
              • The shadows in the Allegory of the Cave only had any kind of existence because of their resemblance to their corresponding physical objects.
              • Goodness
                • Most Important Form
                  • Like the Sun in the Analogy of the cave
                  • Like the Sun in the Analogy of the cave
                  • Phenomena
                    • Illusions that decay and die
                      • The material world
                  • Concepts
                    • Ideals that are unchanging and perfect
                      • The eternal world
                        • The material world
                    • Phenomena
                      • Illusions that decay and die
                    • Dualism
                      • Body And Soul exist seperatley
                        • Cycle of Opposites
                          • Dualism
                            • Body And Soul exist seperatley
                              • Cycle of Opposites
                              • Immortal Souls
                                • Innate a-priori knowledge
                        • Untitled
                  • State Of Flux
                    • You cannot step into the same river twice” Heraclitus
                    • The Two Worlds
                      • Eternal/ Platonic World
                    • Reality
                      • Forms give physical objects what reality they have because of their resemblance
                      • Goodness
                        • Most Important Form
                        • Concepts
                          • Ideals that are unchanging and perfect
                            • The eternal world
                          • Untitled
                        • Aristotle (384-322)
                          • The four causes
                            • 3.Formal Cause- What are its characteristics?
                              • A chair has four legs and a seat
                            • 2.Efficient Cause- How did it happen?
                              • A carpenter made the chair
                            • 4.Final Cause- What is its purpose?
                              • A chairs purpose is To be sat on
                            • 1.Material Cause- What is it made of?
                              • A Chair is made of wood
                            • "Four Kinds"
                              • Metaphysics book 12
                                • "that there must be an immortal, unchanging being
                                • "there is  a substance which is eternal and unmovable and separate from sensible things"
                            • God thinks only of himself and knows nothing of our existance
                          • Teleology
                            • Everything has a purpose
                              • Something is good when it fulfills its purpose
                                • Eudaimonia
                                • 4.Final Cause- What is its purpose?
                                  • A chairs purpose is To be sat on
                          • Influenced Aquinas and the design Argument
                          • The Prime Mover
                            • Metaphysics book 12
                              • "that there must be an immortal, unchanging being
                              • "there is  a substance which is eternal and unmovable and separate from sensible things"
                            • Newton’s third law of motion:‘action and reaction are equal and opposite’
                            • Badness/evil is a lack of perfection that god has
                            • We are drawn towards God and to reach the perfection that he is

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