Phobias - New spec

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  • Phobias
    • Symptoms
      • Cognitive
        • Irrational beliefs
        • Distorted perceptions
        • Hard to look away
      • Behavioural
        • Avoiding or trying to escape
        • Panic
        • High levels of anxiety
      • Emotional
        • High levels of anxiety
        • difficulty experiancing positive emotion
        • Disproprtionate responces
      • Physical
        • Fight/flight
        • Adrenaline, raised heart beat
    • Types
      • Specific
        • Animals
        • Environmental
        • Situational
        • Blood/injury/ injection
        • Other
      • Social
        • Performance
        • Interaction
        • Generalised
      • Agoraphobia
    • Two process model
      • Acquistion
        • Though CC (directly)
          • Bagby (1922): waterfall lady
          • King et al (1922): children acquire through experiances
        • Though SLT (indirectly)
          • Ost & Hugdahl (1981): boy's phobia of vomiting
      • Maintenacne
        • Through OC
          • Di Gallo (1996) OC & CC: car accidents
    • Other explanations
      • Cognitive
        • Faulty thinking
        • Catatrophising
        • faulty perceptions
        • Tomarkin et al. (1989) - snake slides
      • Evolutionary
        • Innate & adaptive
        • Biological preparedness theory
        • Fight or flight
        • fear learned
          • pre-disposition for the fear is inherited
        • Garcia et al. (1996) - rat sweet liquid
        • Cook & Mineka (1989) - monkeys
    • Behavioural treatments
      • Systematic desensitisation
        • Slow
        • Won't work if acquired through SLT
        • Covers physical & behavioural symptoms
        • Doesn't cover cognitive
        • Anxiety heirarchy
        • Relaxation techniques
        • Jones (1924) - little Peter
      • Flooding
        • Wolpe (1960) - girls fear of cars
        • Ost (1997) - rapid
      • Biological
        • Drugs
        • Side effects
        • Not long-term
        • Only tackle symptoms
        • Fast
        • Cheap
      • Cognitive
        • CBT
        • Treat a wide range
        • Long time
        • Cost effective
    • Behavioural
      • Phobias are learned
      • CC; association
      • OC: reinforcement
      • SLT: through others

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