Periods Of Music

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  • Periods Of Music
    • Baroque (1600 - 1750)
      • Main composers from this era include Bach, Handel and Vivaldi.
      • Instrumental music becomes much more dominant than vocal music
      • Lots of motifs and repetition
      • Simple harmonies and a small range of chords (chords I + V)
      • Use of terraced dynamics; not many crescendos or diminuendos
      • Usually used basso continuo
      • It has lots of ornaments
      • Modulation
      • Music became a lot more complex than before
      • Polyphonic and dance like
      • Lots of harpsichords
    • Classical (1750 - 1820)
      • Music begins to follow strict rules
      • Forms like the sonata, concerto and the symphony became more popular and more defined
      • Less ornaments
      • More dynamics were used; changes weren't sudden like during the Baroque era.
      • Main composers from this era include Mozart, Haydn, Schubert and Beethoven.
      • Tunes were balanced and used four bar phrases
        • Two bar questions, two bar answers
      • Piano is invented and used a lot more than the harpsichord
      • Orchestras get bigger
        • Clarinet is invented
      • Mainly homophonic
    • Romantic (1820 - 1900)
      • Music begins to break away from the rules and strictness of classical music
      • Main composers from this era include Brahms, Schumann, Tchaikovsky and Wagner
      • More performance directions are used
      • Music is more expressive and more emotional
      • Composers liked to use folk tunes and dance rhythms from their homelands
      • A wide range of dynamics is used, with lots of sudden changes.
        • Use of sforzandos and accents
      • Based on or inspired by deep emotions, like happiness, love and grief
      • Very technically difficult music
      • Extra notes were often added to chords (7ths, 9ths, 11ths) to create dissonance.
      • More tempo changes and a lot of rubato in order to convey emotions
    • 20th Century (Since 1900)
      • Music seemed to have no rules
      • Main composers from this era include Bartok, Stravinsky, Prokofiev and Ravel
      • Lack of one dominant style
      • Use of impressionist, minimalist, expressionist and serialist styles


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