Parts of speech

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  • Parts of Speech
    • Noun
      • Refers to words that are used to name people, things, animals, places, ideas or events.
      • Proper- Always start with a capital letter and refer to names of people, places or things.
        • eg. Volkswagen Beetle, Shakey's Pizza, Game of Thrones
      • Common- Opposite of proper nouns. Just generic names of people, places or things.
        • eg.  car, pizza parlour, TV series
      • Concrete- Nouns which you can perceive through your five senses.
        • eg. folder, sand, board
      • Abstract- Nouns of which you cannot perceive through your five senses.
        • eg. happiness, grudge, bravery
      • Collective- Refers to a group of people, animals or things
        • eg. faculty (group of teachers), class (group of students), pride (group of lions)
    • Adverbs
      • Like adjectives but they describe adjectives, verbs or other adverbs
      • Adverb of Manner- Refers to how something happens or how something is done.
        • eg. Annie danced GRACEFULLY.
      • Adverb of Time-  Describes when something happens or when something is done.
        • eg.  She came YESTERDAY
      • Adverb of Place- Tells us where something happens or where something is done.
        • eg. "Of course, I looked EVERYWHERE!"
      • Adverb of degree- States the intensity or the degree to which a specific thing happens or is done.
        • eg. The child is VERY talented.
    • Adjectives
      • A word naming an attribute of a noun
      • Modifiers- Modifies the meaning of a noun or pronoun
        • eg. small, blue, beautiful
      • Attributive- Used before the noun
        • eg. A black cat
      • Predicative- Used after a noun
        • eg. The cat was black
      • Comparative- Used for comparing two people or things
        • eg. He is taller than me
      • Superlative- Comparing one person or thing with every other member of the group
        • eg. He was the tallest boy in the class
      • Referential- Give factual information
        • eg. The building is tall
      • Evaluative- Offer an opinion
        • eg. The exam was difficult
    • Verbs
      • Main- Describes an action
        • eg. ran, run, thought, thinking
      • Auxiliary- Supporting verbs
        • eg. might, have, been
      • Dynamic- Describes activities or events that can begin or finish
        • eg. play, melt, hit
      • Stative- Refer to a state or condition which is unchanging
        • eg. hate, belive, contain, own
      • Primary Auxiliary- Used with other verbs to form tenses, moods and voices of other verbs.
        • eg.be, do and have
      • Modal Auxiliary- Combined with words to express necessity, possibility or ability
        • eg. must, shall, will, can, could
      • Action Word
    • Prepositions
      • Shows the relationship between a noun, pronoun and any other words in a sentence.
      • eg. like, to, through, at, by, on,  before
    • Conjunction
      • A connector
      • eg. and, but, because, so, although.FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
    • Interjections
      • Demonstrates the feeling or emotions of the author
      • eg. whah, oops, cheerio
    • Pronoun
      • Substitute for a noun or noun phrase e.g. me, you, it, which, my
      • Possessive- Used to show ownership, no apostrophe
        • eg. my, yours, hers
      • Interrogative- Used to ask a question
        • eg. who, whom, which
      • Demonstrative- Used to single out one or more nouns referred to in the sentence
        • eg. this, that, these, those
      • Indefinite- does not refer to a specific person or thing
        • eg. someone,everybody,everyone
      • Reflexive-Personal pronouns that have '-self' or '-selves' on the end
        • eg. He finished his homework himself
      • Personal-refer to a specific person or thing
        • eg. She was hungry

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