Origins of the Wars of the Roses - Henry VI

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  • Origins of Conflict - Henry VI
    • Claim to throne:
      • Had a rival claim to the throne with Richard Duke of York, meaning he could be thrown off.
    • Foreign Policy:
      • 1453- lost all French lands except Calais. Lost lands gained by his father in 100 years war - UNPOPULAR
    • Margaret of Anjou
      • had to  surrender Maine in return for the marriage- received no dowry (TREATY OF TOURS 1444)
    • Personality
      • Meek, pious, easily manipulated, no military or political skills, catatonic schizophrenia
        • Had to have a protector - Duke of York
    • Financial problems:
      • Royal revenue had dropped by two thirds since the start of his reign. crown virtually bankrupt
        • by 1450, was £372,000 in debt
    • Management of nobles
      • dominated by favourites, which created rivalry between factions
        • powerful men excluded from favour- dangerous
        • York replaced by Somerset in command over France - BITTERNESS
        • feuding families e.g Percies v.s Nevilles
  • had to  surrender Maine in return for the marriage- received no dowry (TREATY OF TOURS 1444)

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