21st August 1485 - declares himself king so that any men who fought for Richard III could be declared traitors & given acts of Attainders
22nd August 1485 - defeats Richard III at the battle of Bosworth & proclaimed King of England by Lord Stanley
Sent out proclamaition declaring that Richard III was dead and that Henry VII was on the throne by the grace of God - Divine right of kings.
Quickly assembled his counsel due to their 'shrewdness, loyalty and reliability.' - Polydore Vergil:
- Chancellor of Englad - John Moreton, Bishop of Ely
- Treasurer of the Exchequer - Lord Dynham (Yorkist)
- Keeper of the Privy Seal - Bishop Peter Courtenay (later given to Richard Fox, a friend from exile)
Patronage was given out carefully - expensive & not many family demands (unlike Edward IV & the Woodvilles). No siblings etc.
Little chance of rebellion with a genuine claim to the throne -
- Richard III was widely disliked (no hard feelings for his death)
- Richard III left no heir
- Henry was related to the powerful Stanleys through Margaret Beaufort's second marriage. Stanleys gained a lot from Bosworth - unlikely to rebel.
- Many, especially most yorkists, anticipated Henry's marriage to Elizabeth of York with excitement.
Lord Stanley became Lord Chaimberlain.
Many in his counsel & royal household were close friends and family from exile.
- Display of Kingship designed to impress
- Confirm Henry's god-given right to rule
Wanted to appear regal…