Origins of Psychology

  • Created by: An Di
  • Created on: 25-09-19 00:13
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  • Origins of Psychology
  • 17th - 19th century
    • Psychology - branch of a broader discipline of philosophy.
      • Best understood as Experimental Philosophy.
    • 1879
      • Wilhelm Wundt opens first experimental lab in Germany.
        • Psychology emerges as district discipline in its own right.
      • 1900s
        • Psycho-dynamic approach established.
          • Sigmund Freud emphasised the influence of the unconscious mind on behaviour.
            • Stated - Physical problems could be explained in terms of conflict within the mind
        • 1913
          • John B. Watson & BF Skinner establish Behaviourist approach
            • Will dominate psychology for the next fifty-years.
          • 1950s
            • Carl Rogers & Abraham Maslow developed Humanistic Approach.
              • Rejected the views of Psycho-dynamic and Behaviourist Approach.
                • Focus on importance self-determination and free will.
            • 1960s
              • Cognitive Revolution came with introduction of digital computer.
                • Human mind, a metaphor for a computer.
                  • Reintroduces study of mental processes but much more scientific than Wundt's earlier investigations.
              • 1960s (II)
                • Albert Bandura proposes Social Learning during Cognitive revolution
                  • Approach draws attention to the role of cognitive factors in learning
                    • Creating a bridge between cognitive and behaviourist approaches
                • 1980s onwards
                  • Biological Approach established as the dominant scientific perspective within psychology.
                    • Advancement in technology lead to increased understanding of the brain, as well as biological processes
                  • 21st century
                    • Cognitive neuroscience emerges as distinct discipline bringing biological and cognitive approaches together.
                      • Built on earlier computer models and investigates how biological structures influence mental state.


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