Organisation of the government

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  • Organisation of the government
    • Organisation of the government
      • Chinese People's Political Consultive Conference (CPPCP) began to take steps to make a new political system
      • promised freedom and equality
      • began a transitional period
      • theoretically one of the freest countries in the world
      • Mao wanted no one but the working class, peasantry, urban petty bourgeoisie and the national bourgeoise- people in the five black categories would be repressed
        • 'New Democracy'
      • China divided into six regions (bureaux)
    • 1954 constitution and increasing bureaucracy
      • constitution based on 1936 Soviet Russia Constitution
      • party maintained control of election process
      • central control to prevent wars in provinces
      • amount of bureacrats increased x10 in ten years
        • fears that this could slow the pace of revolution, which Mao felt was what had gone wrong in Russia
      • the more powerful Mao became, the harder it became to oppose him
    • The role of the Communist Party
      • the real power lay in the Chairman of the Party
      • membership was restricted to those who could prove their commitment
      • 4.5 million party members in October 1949, 5.8 million in 1950
      • mass participation in Party groups was encouraged
    • The role of the People's Liberation Army
      • held the values of discipline, self-sacrifice and perseverance against the odds
      • made of 5 million men and consumed over 40% of the state budget
      • it indoctrinated people
      • became more professional with clearly defined ranks as it got smaller
      • their ultimate goal was to achieve Great Power status for China


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