Objectivity & Values

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  • Created by: Moesha16
  • Created on: 31-05-18 18:31
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  • Objectivity & Values
    • Weber
      • Can't derive judgement from facts vic verse.
        • EXAMPLE: Divorcess more likely commit suicde doesn't mean should make divorce harder to obtain
        • 4 Essential role for values in sociological research
          • Guide Research
            • Select studied facts in terms of what we regard as important based on our own values
          • Data Collection & Hypo testing
            • Objective + unbias when collecting data = keeps values out
          • Interpretation of Data
            • Values become important to understand signifgance of things + draw conclusions
          • Sociologists as a citizen
            • Take moral responsibility for harm caused by research
    • Early Positivists - Comte
      • Creation of better society not about person opinion but discovering truth of how it works
      • Scientific sociology reveal correct society
    • Value freedom & commitment
      • Modern Positivists
        • Own values irrelevant
          • 1. Science concerned with matters of facts = want to appear scientific
          • 2. Socios had become 'spiritless technicians'. 50s - were 'problem takers' hired by organisations to take on and solve their problems       - By leaving their own values behind, socios making  'gentlemen's promise' - would not criticise or question their paymasters 
      • Committed Sociology
        • Openly take sides + values
          • Value-free society  impossible = own values reflect in work
        • Becker - take side less powerful + study underdogs = balance
          • Past: research took on values of powerful
            • Diff. pressures from those who fund research affecting research
          • A03: Take sides of those fighting back to end their oppression
        • Past: research took on values of powerful
          • Diff. pressures from those who fund research affecting research
      • Objectivity & Realism
        • Relativism  - no independent way to judge truth of POV e.g. differing truths
        • PoMo belief truth relative = no absolute truth

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