obedience: milgram

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  • obedience: Milgram
    • procedure
      • pp gave fake electric shocks to 'learner'
      • in obedience to instructions from 'experimenter'
    • findings
      • 65% gave highest shock of 450 volts
      • 100% gave shocks up to 300 volts
      • many showed signs of anxiety
      • 12.5% stopped at 300 volts
      • qualitative data
        • extreme tension
        • sweating
        • 3 pp had sieizures
    • to see why Germans followed orders from Hitler
    • participants
      • 40 males
      • between 20 & 50 years
      • jobs: unskilled to professional
      • told they could leave the study at any time
    • learner: a confederate
      • strapped into a chair in another room
    • experimenter: a confederate
      • dressed in a lab coat
    • teacher had to giver the 'learner' an electric shock
      • each time they made a mistake on the task
        • had to learn word pairs
    • shocks were not real
    • shocks from 15 - 450 volts
      • 30 levels
    • response from 'learner' got worse
      • 300 volts- pounding on the wall
        • no response to the next question
      • 315 volts- pounding on the wall
        • no further response
    • researcher used 4 standard prods
      • please continue/ please go on
      • the experiment requires you to continue
      • its essential that you continue
      • you have no other choice, you must go on

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