New Right Theory

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  • New Right
    • key points
      • Started by Charles Murray
      • structural theory - has a macro approach which looks at the wider view of society where people are moulded and shaped to become the products of society
      • consensus - theory based on agreement in society
      • considered as a political philosophy rather than a sociological theory
        • associated with the views of the Conservative party
    • Main Beliefs
      • defence of the free market - competition between public services is encouraged
        • public services would benefit from being treated like businesses
        • Encouraged private provision
      • emphasis on individual freedom and self interest
        • self needs come before helping others
        • the state should have little intervention
      • Reduced state spending - cutting encourages people to work
        • encourages people to stand on their own two feet and be self reliant
        • People shouldn't rely on the state
      • importance of traditional values - traditional eduction and family
        • nuclear family is ideal
        • critical of single parent families
        • any form of diversity is argued to result in little employment and crime
    • strengths
      • private provision would mean better quality of services provided
      • It would encourage people to work hard to earn money for education and health care
      • It would cause people to stop taking public services for granted as they are paying for them
      • it would encourage people to work
      • parents would socialise their children to work hard and be self reliant
      • Better quality of education means that children will be highly educated and will have the skills for jobs
      • less waiting time for health care
      • Better education opportunities as classes would be smaller
      • children would be more respectful of their education and be encouraged to work hard as their parents are paying for it
      • encourages more people to be independent
      • helps end the welfare dependency cycle
      • employment levels would increase which would help the economy
    • Weaknesses
      • puts pressure on young people to do well at school as their parents are paying for it
      • could cause homelessnessincrease
      • People might not have the right skills to get a job
      • there may be a shortage of jobs
      • could cause crime to increase as welfare dependency is removed meaning people can't afford the essentials to survive
      • Increase in child poverty meaning children won't perform well at school
      • re-enforces the welfare dependency cycle as people can't afford education and get qualifications meaning they can't get a job
      • Feminism - would say that it glorifies the nuclear family which can be male dominated and oppressive and disfunctional
      • Feminism - would say that single parenting allows women to get away from the oppression of men
      • there are many reasons for single parents such as a family death
      • can cause teachers to become less interested in the well being of their students and only focus on them getting good grades
      • Marxism - would say that the reason for welfare dependency is because of the bourgeoisie paying unfair wages not because people are not willing to work hard
      • SA - would say it doesn't look at individual families and their situations
      • Many people don't chose to be welfare dependant - they may have a reason such as a disability
      • It discriminates against diversity in society
      • the nuclear family and traditional values are no longer representative for todays society
      • just because some people don't come from a nuclear family doesn't mean that they are less fortunate than those from a nuclear family
      • if everyone used private provision it would decrease the quality of it

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