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  • innatism or nativism
    • children are born with the innate ability to learn a language
    • children have the ability to identify patterns and apply rules to new contexts
    • social cues and interactions are less necessary
    • LAD- inborn structures within our brain that gives us a natural way to organise language (theorised)
    • poverty of stimulus- children are not exposed to enough language to be able to acquire it
    • universal grammar- our "blank" slate has already been written on before we leave the womb, allowing us to already know sounds
    • nativism explains....
      • 1. children take in information quickly
        • 2. children of different cultures go through the same stages
          • 3. the exsitence of grammatical features common in most languages
    • noam chomsky challenges skinner with the theory of universal grammar
      • he believes that language wasn't necessarily learnt from the environment. humans acquire language through innate functions
        • argues that the environment (stimulus) cannot teach us syntax (poverty of stimulus)
      • studied a child called Jim who had deaf parents. Jim had very little vocab and knew a little sign language
        • Jim watched lots of TV and listened to the radio but didn't pick up any language
          • after seeing a speech therapist Jim's vocabulary rapidly increased
            • this questions behaviourism and innatism


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