NAs: WWII

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  • NAs: WWII
    • Economic & Employment Rights
      • 25,000 NAs served with distinction in the armed forces
        • Helped invade the beaches of Normandy on D Day, raise the flag on two Jima in the Pacific and pursue Germans across North Africa
          • Some units used NAs the Navajo Code Talkers as radiomen because they could send messages in their tribal languages
      • GI Bill of Rights (1944) allowed returning Indian soldiers to continue their education into colleges & vocational school
        • Discrimination meant they were not able to take as much advantage of these opportunities as white American war veterans
    • Religious & Cultural Rights
      • Refusal to fight because of religious grounds
      • National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) was a significant outcome of the war years > realisation that to bring about real improvement, Native Americans needed to unite in protest
        • Set up in Denver in 1944 by a group of 80 educated Native Americans representing 50 tribes
          • Worked through courts challenge discrimination in employment, unequal education provision and the breaking of treaties

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