Mussolinis Intolerance

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  • Mussolini's Intolerance
    • Political
      • 'Italy will obey me as she has never obeyed before'
      • Controlled voting system
        • Reduced franchise from 3 million to 1 million
          • Poor more likely to turn against Fascism
        • Rigged to get 98%
      • Parliament abolished itself in Jan 1939
        • King gave Fascist Grand Council the right to choose PM
      • 170,000 extremists purged
      • Opposition sent to Lipari Islands
        • Carlo Roselli started 'Justice & Liberty' but assassinated
    • Economic
      • Abolished strikes, 1925
      • The Third Way between capitalism and socialism
        • Corporate State est.1934
          • Chamber... meant government was based on economy
          • 7 sectors divided into 22 categories with 2 syndicates
            • Decided wages, hours and holidays
              • BUT fascist officials often bribed
    • Religious
      • Mussolini recognised power of Church
        • Religious Education mandatory in school
        • Increased state payments to priests
      • Negotiations to ensure limited power
        • The Concordat
    • Cultural
      • Anti Semitic after 1936
        • July 1938 Manifesto of Racist Scientists
      • Balila, Piccole Italiane
        • emphasised fascist ideology
          • Opera Nazionale Dopolavaro
            • 'Fascist Cuture' made mandatory
      • Traditional views of women
        • only 10% of employees female
          • allowed to teach sciences

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