Metroid

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  • Metroid
    • Context
      • Japanese, Sci - Fi, action adventure by Nintendo
      • Samus Aran - gender identity = transgender - reflect contemporary social & cultural context
      • First person - Retro Studies & Nintendo for Game Cube (+ Wii)
      • 7th in Metroid series (first = multiplayer)
      • PEGI 12+
    • Narrative
      • Propp
        • Hero - Samus Aran = restorer of equilibrium, protagonist
          • Evidence - centre of attention for game
          • Unusual - female usually secondary/ supporting role
          • Not obvious playing woman - producers say gender doesn't matter
            • Highlight transgender debates - gender identity differ from assigned sex
      • Todorov
        • Equilibrium -  normal bounty hunter life
        • Disruption - sent to Galactic Federation Marines
        • Recognition - discovers troops slaughtered by Ing
        • Repair - ravel 3 temples - destruct Ing, Space Pirates & Dark Samus
        • New Equilibrium - Destroys enemies
      • Audience dictate how long Equilibrium reached - end audience = active
    • Action & Enigma Codes
      • Action Codes
        • Gun -> violence
        • Scanning -> closer to equilibrium & restoring narrative
        • Shooting gate -> moving into further narrative
        • Put on unknown planet -> explore = action adventure genre
      • Enigma Codes
        • Contact lost -> how will protagonist continue without support?
    • Binary Oppositions
      • Good vs evil - prevent protagonist achieving equilibrium
      • Light vs dark
      • Hero vs villain
      • Inhumane vs humane
    • Genre
      • Sci fi
        • Intergalactic
        • Space pirates
        • Sapceships
        • Aliens
        • Uncharted territory
        • Exploration
      • Action Adventure
        • Explore 3 temples
        • Violence, conflict, weaponry
      • Neale
        • Different
          • Genre hybridity
          • First multiplayer game in series
          • New codes & conventions = appeal - audience desire for new take on classic game
          • Way protagonist is portrayed
    • Representation
      • Portrayal = Problematic
        • Objectification of figure - constructs view on femininity = women aspire
          • Why constructed like this? Why conform to female stereotypes?
        • Form masculine role - have to adopt traits &  physicality with masculinity (robot)
        • Unproblematic - fighting character - break stereotypes
      • Butler
        • Break stereotypes surrounding gender - fluidity of femininity -> fighting figure
        • Performance of  playing role of traditional masculinity
        • Adopt masculine traits - what are masculine traits? Stereotypical - acting as stereotypical male
      • Van Zoonen
        • Social Construct through media
          • Traits & characteristics - masculine & feminine = stereotypical?
            • Reflect what society views as masculine & feminine
              • Samus aims to dispel this by representation - women as fighting figure
        • Forming masculine role - adopt masculine traits - physicality associated with gender (robot) - fighting character
          • To be seen worthy hero = exhibit masculinity - conform to game stereotypes
            • Not treated equally - body objectified - conform to femininity (constructed view)
              • To be like men = equality = repressive - restrict personal freedom
      • Hall
        • Hegemonic
          • Agree - female protagonist who doesnt conform to stereotypes to be fighting figure
        • Negociated
          • Agree - representation of female in video game inst supporting role                  Disagree - way body exploited & objectified for audience pleasure
        • Oppositional
          • Females shouldnt exhibit masculine traits to be fighting figure - not agree with sexualisation
    • Industry
      • Conglomerate
        • Developer - Retro Studios & Nintendo
        • Publisher - Nintendo
        • Marketing - Website, internet forum, blog
      • Not fit with Nintendo
        • AAA games fail hard
        • Small games fail individually
        • Make large profit - too big risk
      • PEGI
        • Advise suitability & content of game for certain age range based on game content
      • Hesmondhalgh
        • Fan following - launched by Game Cube - longevity = exclusive
          • Cannot compete in industry - PlayStation & Xbox
  • Representation
    • Portrayal = Problematic
      • Objectification of figure - constructs view on femininity = women aspire
        • Why constructed like this? Why conform to female stereotypes?
      • Form masculine role - have to adopt traits &  physicality with masculinity (robot)
      • Unproblematic - fighting character - break stereotypes
    • Butler
      • Break stereotypes surrounding gender - fluidity of femininity -> fighting figure
      • Performance of  playing role of traditional masculinity
      • Adopt masculine traits - what are masculine traits? Stereotypical - acting as stereotypical male
    • Van Zoonen
      • Social Construct through media
        • Traits & characteristics - masculine & feminine = stereotypical?
          • Reflect what society views as masculine & feminine
            • Samus aims to dispel this by representation - women as fighting figure
      • Forming masculine role - adopt masculine traits - physicality associated with gender (robot) - fighting character
        • To be seen worthy hero = exhibit masculinity - conform to game stereotypes
          • Not treated equally - body objectified - conform to femininity (constructed view)
            • To be like men = equality = repressive - restrict personal freedom
    • Hall
      • Hegemonic
        • Agree - female protagonist who doesnt conform to stereotypes to be fighting figure
      • Negociated
        • Agree - representation of female in video game inst supporting role                  Disagree - way body exploited & objectified for audience pleasure
      • Oppositional
        • Females shouldnt exhibit masculine traits to be fighting figure - not agree with sexualisation

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