Sociology-Material deprivation

  • Created by: Daisymac
  • Created on: 17-01-19 19:34
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  • Material deprivation
    • Housing
      • Direct effect; Harder for the child to study as there is less room for educational activities and nowhere to do homework, disturbed sleep from sharing beds
        • Young children's development can be impaired through lack of space for safe play and exploration.
      • Indirect effects-Children in crowed homes run at a greater risk of accidents, and damp may weaken immune system.Families from tempory housing may suffer more psychological stress---> Off school
    • Diet and health
      • Howard 2001 notes that young people from poorer homes have lower intakes of energy, vitamins and minerals. Poor nutrition effects health, resulting in absences
      • Wilkinson 1996 notes that amongst 10 year olds, the lower the social class, the higher the rate of hyperactivity, anxiety and conduct disorders
      • Blanden and Machin 2007 found children form low income familis were more likely to engage in externalising behaviour , such as fighting, which are likely to disrupt schooling
    • Financial supports and costs of education
      • Bull 1980- Refers to the equiptment and school trips as the costs of free schooling
      • Tanner et al 2003 found that the cost of items place a heavy burden on poorer families
      • Hand-me-downs and cheaper but unfashionable equipment may result in being isolated or bullied
        • Flaherty- explains why 20% eligible for free school meals do not take up entitlement
      • Smith and Noble 1995 add that poverty acts as a barrier to learning, such as inability to afford private schooling or tuition
      • Ridge found that children with jobs has a negative impact on schoolwork
    • Fear of debt
      • Callender and jackson 2005 found wc students were more debt averse
      • Increase in tuition fees in 2012 to £9000 per year --> UCAS 2012 uk applicants fell by 8.6%
      • A national union of students 2010- Survey of 3863 uni students found 81% of those from highest social class received help from home , against 43% from wc
      • Reay 2005 found wc students were more likely to apply to local universities so they could live at home and save money and so limiting their opportunities


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