Marxists theory of education

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  • Marxist theory of education
    • Correspondence theory (BOWLES & GINTES)
      • Education operates in the interest of the bourgeosie who control the workforce producing hardworking and obiedient workers through the HIDDEN CURRICULUM
        • School teaches us RULES, REGULATIONS, OBIDIENCE AND RESPECT FOR AUTHORITY  by having correct uniform, following rules. Have to meet expectations which you will be rewarded for E.g Pay rise.
        • Schools encourage COMPETITION through students E.g sport day which rewards hard work.
        • GENDER ROLE ALLOCATION women go for "softer" jobs and men go for "harder" reflected at school by subject choice
        • Schools are HIERARCHAL INSTITUTIONS which reflect the workplace
        • Creating a LACK OF SATISFACTION at school by doing the same thing day in day out reflects the workplace by replicating it in order to prepare people for the "real thing"
      • Education acts as a negative SOCIAL CONTROL but this is depending on if you view capitalism as bad on society.
      • Schools transmit the ideology that capitalism is just and reasonable. Making pupils the AGENTS OF EXPLOITATION AND REPRESSION
      • The education system is part od the IDEOLOGICAL STATE APPARATUS which transmits the ruling class ideology disguised at common values.
    • Evalution of the correspondence theory
      • BROWN ET AL : education system works through exams but companies require team work.
      • REYNOLD: the national curriculum does not teach skills needed for work
      • WILLIS: many students dont accept the HIDDEN CURRICULUM
      • BORDIEU: schools are middle class institutes that are organised to benefit the middle class. Children from working class background lack CULTURAL CAPITAL needed to be successful in the education system.
    • Marxists believe that meritocracy is a myth. They believe that the higher you are in society, the more chance you have of getting a top job.
    • They believe that the education system legitimises inequality in society. The correspondence between school and the workplace reproduces the next generation of workers.
    • Marxists reject the functionalists view of role allocation


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