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  • Mannerism
    • c. 1530 - 1590
    • A conscious artistic revolt against the High Renaissance
      • A deliberate derivation from the work of the Renaissace
      • After the death of Raphael that the characteristics fully develop
        • Giulio Romano (1492-1546) - Raphael's Chief Assistant
    • 'Maniera' = 'Style'
    • Courtly Style
    • Flourished principally in the Gonzaga court of Mantua and the Mdeici court of Florence
    • Grace and effortless accomplishment
    • Less devotional, less practical and less ceremonial
    • Mannerist Painting
      • Concentration on the nude
      • Bizarre convoluted poses
      • Artificial in appearance
      • Self-consciously elegant
      • Deliberately obscure subject matter
      • Exaggerated muscular development and deliberate distortion of form/figure
      • Often swamped by irrelevant figures
      • Distorted proportions or scale
      • Vivid colour schemes
      • Ostentatious
    • Mannerist Architecture
      • Desire to surprise and shock
      • Deliberate flouting of the canons of classical architecture as expressed by Vitruvious
      • Reinterpretedby Renaissance architecte such as Alberti and Bramante
      • Reaction against the classicism in existence
      • An experimentation with classical forms
      • Can not rival the beauty or perfection of Bramante's 'Tempietto'
    • Mannerist Sculpture
      • Equated with a desire to surprise, question and search for meaning
      • Change from High Renaissance frontally and simplicity of presentation in sculpture, to a search for multiplicity of views and silhouette
      • Elongated forms, exaggerated effects of perspective
      • Exaggerated scale in relief sculpture
      • Must be walked around, for all its angles of view are important


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