Louis Philippe's Domestic Policy

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: BF
  • Created on: 09-04-14 19:55
View mindmap
  • Louis Philippe's Domestic Policy
    • Opposition
      • 2nd Rebellion In Lyon 1834 due to Economic issues
        • Met with military repression
          • The Massacre in the Rue Transnonain 1834
        • Canuts, silk workers, had no business and were starving (No foreign or domestic business)
        • Canuts formed a Mutual Aid Society to protect workers against merchants- led to 1st rebellion in 1831
      • Funerals And Banquets
        • Used for public speeches as political meetings were banned
      • Secret Societies
        • Aide-Toi, Amis Du Peuple, Société Des Droits De L'homme,
          • Many used to be members of the Charbonnerie during Charles X's reign
          • Amis= Public meetings, pamphlets and poster campaigns and involved in ex-minister riots
      • Mutual Aid Societies
        • Canuts formed a Mutual Aid Society to protect workers against merchants- led to 1st rebellion in 1831
        • After Lyon, Mutual Aid Societies were banned
      • Newspapers
        • La Poire- Daumier
        • Took dignity and respect away from the king
        • Louis Philippe tried to take a newspaper/ Daumier to court and lost the case
        • 1835 Censorship tightened
      • Assassination Attempt 1835
        • Bravery
    • Political and Religious Policies
      • Party of Resistance vs. Party of Movement
        • Guizot had become extremely unpopular with the deputies by resisting extended suffrage
      • Became more politically involved in the 1840s as he believed he had more stability
    • Social and Economic Policies
      • Artisans expected social reforms
        • Only times when there was a risk of disturbance was bread and grain reduced in price or free
      • Failed to address economic crisis 1830-2
        • 10,000 unemployed in Paris 1830- Government not providing jobs and are borrowing money
        • Luckily the economy stabilised, no thanks to the government
      • 2nd Rebellion In Lyon 1834 due to Economic issues
        • Met with military repression
          • The Massacre in the Rue Transnonain 1834
        • Canuts, silk workers, had no business and were starving (No foreign or domestic business)
      • Demand for the execution of Charles X's ex-ministers
        • Lafayette, an artisan icon, crushed the rebels when the ex-ministers were merely given life imprisonment
      • Anti-Clerical Riots
        • Clergy often ultra legitimists- At the memorial of the Duc De Berri they placed a leaf crown on a statue of his son Henri- led to more riots
        • Many did not want the clergy to have influence on education
      • Urbanisation
        • Tensions in cities between natives and migrants over employment
        • Cholera Outbreaks 1832
    • Personality and Beliefs
      • Saw being King as a job not a divine right or luxury
      • Reached his dotage and didn't want to change during the 1840s
    • Succeses
      • Stood by The 1830 Charter
      • Chose capable ministers in 1830 which reflected the chamber of deputies
      • Adopted the Tricolour Flag- Spirit of the revolution
      • Visited the National Guard daily
    • Failures
      • Louis-Philippe was part of the Party of Resistance (rather than the Party of Movement)
        • Refused a wider electorate- stood by the 1830 Charter
      • Did not change with the will of the people
      • He was a compromise/ choice- No power base
      • The reintroduction of censorship - Against the charter
      • Stood by Guizot as Chief Minister- Good friends- meant that the liberals had no choice but to go against the king
    • What Was Changed By The 1830 Revolution?
      • (Modest) Constitutional changes
        • The Charter
          • Catholicism was made the religion of the majority rather than the religion of the country
          • Freedom of the Press- No Censorship
            • Expansion in the number of papers- Politically orientated
          • King still the Head of State but could no longer suspend or dispense with laws
          • Laws could now be proposed by the King, the Chamber of Peers AND the Chameber of Deputies
          • Ultra Preamble removed
        • Voting ages changed to the age of 30, 200 franc tax payers- however still no universal male suffrage
          • 5 in every 1000 men could vote (mostly landowners)
            • Better than most European countries except Britain where 32 in every 1000 voted
        • Abolition of the double vote
      • No one's ideal constitution
        • Avoided conflict
      • The Stolen Revolution!
        • Artisans expected resolved economic problems
      • Still a Laissez-Faire government with no state intervention
      • Hereditary right of Peers taken away - Meritocracy
      • A Bourgeois revolution?
        • Yes= Power was handed to bankers and businessmen- entrepreneurial middle class
        • No- France still ran by traditional bourgeois old money families- did not acknowledge artisans and lower classs
    • The 'Chosen' King- Why?
      • Fear of escalation of the revolution
        • Liberals and most of France wanted a stable government and economic growth
      • Bourbon cousin and émigré
        • Acceptable to Royalists and Foreign Powers
      • Richest man in the kingdom
        • Unlike the debt of Louis XVI- Less tax?
      • Presented as 'Choice of the people' to make the change appear more radical
        • Fought with the revolutionary armies at Jemappes
        • 'King of the Barricades'
        • King of the French People, Not King of France
      • Alternatives were not an option
        • Napoleon II was too young, too sick, too foreign to rule
        • People still related republicanism to The Great Terror- Republic not an option (too radical)
      • Artisans had no political voice or motives
        • Artisans only wanted food and work
        • Liberals therefore made all the political choices during the revolution
    • Successes in the 1830s which became disadvantages in the 1840s
      • Family man with no affairs
        • 1830= Unlike Charles X and Louis XVIII
        • 1840= Too boring and too ugly to have a mistress
      • Citizen King
        • 1830= In touch with the people
        • 1840= Façade realised, he is not different, the same as the Bourbons + He was chosen, he has no power base
      • National Guard
        • 1830= Visited the guard daily
        • 1840= Due to bad health, rarely visited, felt unappreciated by the king-  didn't defend him in 1848

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all France 1589-1850 resources »