Learnt behaviour

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  • LEARNED BEHAVIOUR
    • HABITUATION
      • repeated exposure  to a specific stimulus no longer causes a response as it results in no reward or punishment
      • E.g. crows eventually stop being scared off by scarecrows after a while
      • Avoids wasting energy on non-harmful stimuli, so that the energy can be saved for later. allows daily life to continue
    • LATENT LEARNING
      • Exploration of a habitat or something so that the information can be of use later when looking for food or somewhere to hide from prey
      • rabbits explore woodlands so that they know the best burrows to hide in later
    • IMPRINTING
      • when an individual is born it shall follow the first thing it sees during its sensitive period and learn everything it does
      • Goslings
      • Untitled
    • OPERANT CONDITIONING
      • When reinforcement is used to encrourage an action or response, or discourage it
      • Skinners box-rats given pellets of food when they press the lever start doing it more frequently and quicker
    • CLASSICAL CONDITIONING
      • Using association to cause a specific response to a stimulus using another stimulus
      • E.g. Pavlovs dogs start to salvinate after hearing a bell (conditioned stimulus) as it is associated with food
    • INSIGHT LEARNING
      • Highest form of learnt beahaviour. based on ability to think and reason and used in decision making, problem solving and ideas
      • Chimpanzeesstack up boxes to reach bananas, or use sticks to get insects
      • can deal with problems in new way when available tools and responses are not sufficient

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