Behaviour Biology A2 - Module 4

I made this presentation for school and i thought id share it , sorry the pictures may not be relavent its because i couldnt be bothered to find some interesting photos for the slides , but i hope this helps a few idividuals and find it useful 

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Module 4 - Behaviour
SURVIVAL.…read more

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Innate behaviour
Innate behaviour is natural and instinctive hence it is
genetically inherited and organisms of the same species
have similar behaviour (stereotypical).
You cannot change or alter innate behaviour.
The organism is unconscious of innate behaviour.
The behaviour is not needed to be learned .
An example of innate behaviour ; woodlice moving
away from the sun to under a rock to hide from
predators.…read more

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The types of innate behaviour
Advantage of innate behaviour is that it allows the organism to react
quickly to certain stimulus.
Escape reflexes ­ an organism moves away from potential danger.
Taxses (tactical response) ­the organism move towards or away from a
directional stimulus .
Kenisis ­ when the rate of movement increases due to the organism
being in unfavourable conditions .…read more

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Learned behaviour
Learned behaviour is influenced by the environment , it allows animals
to respond to change in the conditions an example would be learning to
avoid harmful food.
Operant conditioning
Classical conditioning
Latent learning
Insight learning…read more

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The animal learns to ignore certain stimuli because of repeated
exposure to the stimuli which results in no reward or punishment.
An example of habituation is people sleeping while living by a rail way
station .
By ignoring harmless stimuli you save time and energy.…read more

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Classical conditioning
Is when a natural response which is unconditioned is then associated
with a condition response.
·An example is `Pavlovs dog' experiment where a
scientist trained a dog to salivate when hearing a
bell ring.
·When food (unconditioned stimulus) was
presented to the dog the dog salivated (natural
·So when Pavlov rang the bell first time towards
the dog there was no response .
·When Pavlov rang the bell and then rewarded the
dog with the food the dog recognised that the bell
which was the unconditioned stimulus is
associated with food .
·In the future when Pavlov rang the bell the dog
salivated because the bell/ringing has now become
a condition response and is automatic hearing that
particular stimulus.…read more

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