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Learnt Innate
· Adapted by environment · Present behaviour at birth e.
· Not inherited g. Reflexes
· Can be altered by · Inherited from a parent, so
experience. present in genetic code.
· Can differ in members of the ·No environmental influence.
species. · Evolutionary survival
·Learn via intellectual activity. advantage.
·Rigid and inflexible.
·Same throughout a species
· Species has no sense to the
purpose of the behaviour.…read more

Slide 2

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Innate Behaviours
Reflexes ­ Escape reflexes can help avoid
predators e.g. Earthworms retreat
underground when sense vibrations.
Taxis ­ Is a directional orientational response e.
g. Positive Phototaxis is towards a light source,
where as negative chemotaxis is away from a
chemical. (Think of the Stevie Wonder worm)
Kenesis ­ Random orientational response,
random movement unconsciously seeking out a
desirable environment e.g. In woodlice.…read more

Slide 3

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More Complex Innate
Bees perform something known as the
waggle dance to others in order to
point out how far and in what
direction a source of food is. As seen
in this video:
7ijI-g4jHg…read more

Slide 4

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Leant Behaviours
· Habituation ­ An animal learns to ignore stimuli that are not
rewarding or harmful. This is how birds learn to ignore
· Imprinting - An animal imitates the first living creature it see's and
will only then learn from this animal. This can only happen during
a sensitive period. Research was done by Conrad Lorenz.
· Classical conditioning ­A response is given by an conditioned
stimuli. Pavlov's dogs is the most famous examples.
· Operant conditioning ­ Animals learn by doing a certain action
they are rewarded or punished. Skinner's box used rats and
· Latent (exploratory) learning ­ In order to escape from predation
in the future an animal learns it's environment well. Such as a
rabbit leaning the route of burrows to run to when being chased.
· Insight learning ­ this is the most intellegent form of learning,
where an animal uses thought and reasoning to solve problems.
Wolfgang Kohler found this out in an experiment with Monkey's…read more

Slide 5

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Leant Behaviours
Hi coli…read more

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Primate Behaviour
· Primates include : Apes, monkeys and
· Young stay in the group until they reach
sexual maturity.
· There is a hierarchy for protection.
· Primates have highly developed cerebral
cortex, which is linked with social
· All social behaviours are learnt in the
dependency period of offspring.…read more

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