Lamentatione Symphony - Haydn

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  • Lamentatione Symphony - Haydn
    • Rhythm & Metre
      • Syncopation - Bar 1-8
      • Rests used as articulation, like sighs - Bars 9-12
      • More quaver movement - 2nd subject
      • Simple quadruple throughout
      • 'Assai con spirito' meaning spirited
    • Melody
      • Angular - S1
      • Violin 1 often has the melody
      • Diatonic - Bars 1-10
      • S2 - Melody is taken from Plainchant
      • Chromatic melody - Bar 69 - outlines dim 7th
    • Harmony
      • Functional
      • I & V used plenty - I-Vb used 4 times - Bars 9-12
      • Circle 5ths - Bars 58-65
      • 4-3 suspension - Bar 2
      • Some diminished 7ths - Bar 4/13
      • 9-8 suspension - Bar 4
    • Tonality
      • Functional
      • 1st subject in Dm
      • 2nd subject in F - Exposition
      • F major - Dev, touches Gm (55) F & Dm before moving to Am (Vm)
      • Tonic major for S2 in recap - Bar 100 (D major)
    • Performing Forces
      • Strings - 2 violin parts with violin 1 generally more active
      • Not technically demanding - Double stopping, final bars
      • Cembalo - Baroque period - Harpsichord
      • Horns - Natural, use crooks
    • Structure
      • Sonata form
      • Exposition - Bars 1-44
        • S1 - Bars 1-17
        • S2 - Bars 17-44 Plainsong theme
      • Development - Bars 45-80
        • Mainly based on S1, some elements of S2
      • Recap - Bars 80-133
        • S1 - Bars 80-99
        • S2 - Bars 100-125
      • Coda - Bars 126-end
    • Texture
      • 2-part counterpoint, doubled in 8ves
        • Creates polarised texture - melody with bass and 'part filling' - Bars 1-8
      • Single part in 8ves - Bar 43
      • Homorhythmic - Bars 9-12/132-133
      • MDH - Bars 53-56

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