Kibera Case Study

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  • Kibera
    • Location
      • Located in Nairobi, the capital of Kenya
      • South of the City centre
      • It is the largest of the squatter settlements in the area
      • It is 1.5 miles
    • Problems/ Issues
      • Unsanitary conditions
        • Squatters have to drink poor quality water and this can lead to Typhoid and Cholera
      • Lack of rubbish collections
        • Rat and other vermin infestations which can cause health problems
      • Poor quality buildings
        • Little protection during storms and other extreme weather conditions, endangering inhabitants
      • A lack of piped water
        • People have to cope with the limited amounts, and infected rivers
      • Lack of toilets
        • Human waste is exposed which can lead to the spread of diseases
      • High number of orphans
        • People are drawn into illegal activities, such as gangs and drugs
      • Lack of formal jobs
        • People are drawn into illegal activities, such as gangs and drugs
    • Specific Facts
      • There is a 1 in 5 mortality rate
      • There are on  average 500 deaths from AIDs a day
      • Holds (population of) 1 million people
      • 60% of people in Nairobi live in informal areas on 5% of the total land
      • Only 1% of houses are built from stone and brick (others are built from materials such as mud and wood)
      • Over 100,00 children are orphans
      • There is a 50% unemployment rate
      • Each person has 1m³ of space on average because of the mass population
    • Solutions
      • Self Help
        • UN habitat provide affordable electricity (300 shillings per shack)
        • Local charities provided medical facilities
        • Practical Action (A British charity) develop low cost building materials e.g. clay and sand roof tiles
  • Poor quality buildings
    • Little protection during storms and other extreme weather conditions, endangering inhabitants

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